Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 8. July 2022                       Pp.17-39

Full Paper PDF 


    Bidikmisi Students’ Perspectives on Online Distance Learning
during Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown at Sriwijaya State Polytechnic 

Lutfi Asyari
Primary School Teacher Education Department
Indonesia Institute of Education, Garut, Indonesia

Islamic Education Department
State Islamic University of Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia 

Welly Ardiansyah
English Language Department
Sriwijaya State Polytechnic, Palembang, Indonesia
Corresponding Author:


Received: 03/27/2022             Accepted: 06/19/2022             Published: 07/25/2022


During the outbreak of the Covid 19 pandemic, educational systems around the world had been disrupted, and as a result, lecturers and Bidikmisi students had to conduct teaching and learning processes from home. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives of Bidikmisi students on online distance learning during the lockdown at Sriwijaya State Polytechnic due to the Covid 19 pandemic. The study was carried out with the mixed method. The researchers asked 85 students from two different intensive English courses to complete a five-point Likert scale questionnaire on the Online Learning Environment Survey (OLES), and answer six open-ended questions distributed using google form. The sample comprised 85 bidikmisi students from nine departments–  not only Engineers in civil, mechanical, chemical, computer, electrical and computer information systems, but also Business Administration, Accounting, Informatics Management, and English. The finding of this study revealed that some of bidikmisi students positively accepted this online distance learning, but most of them negatively revealed that bidikmisi students faced some challenges with online distance learning; they preferred face-to-face classes. The study concluded with a recommendation that the findings of this study can assist policymakers and lecturers in developing effective or efficient teaching strategies for overcoming tough situations or pandemics, particularly for bidikmisi students.
Keywords: bidikmisi students, Covid-19 pandemic, distance learning, Indonesia context, online learning,
Sriwijaya State Polytechnic, students’ perceptions,

Cite as:  Asyari, L., Abdurrahmansyah, A.,&  Ardiansyah, W.   (2022).  Bidikmisi Students’ Perspectives on Online Distance Learning  during Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown at Sriwijaya State Polytechnic. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (8)17-39.


Almaghaslah, D., Ghazwani, M., Alsayari, A., & Khaled, A. (2018). Pharmacy students’ perceptions towards online learning in a Saudi Arabia pharmacy school. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 26(5), 617-621.

Bilgiç, H. G., & Tüzün, H. (2015). Yükseköğretim kurumları web tabanlı uzaktan eğitim programlarında yaşanan sorunlar [The problems experienced web-based distance education programs in higher education institutes]. Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi [Journal of Open Education Applications and Research], 1(3), 26-50.

Britt, R. (2006). Online education: A survey of faculty and students. Radiologic Technology, 3(77), 183–190.

Coman, Claudiu., Tiru,Laurent Gabriel., Schmitz, Luiza Mesesan., Stanciu, Carmen., andBularca, Maria Cristina. (2020). Online
teaching and learning in higher education during the coronavirus pandemic: Students’ perspective. MDPI Journal, 12(24), 1-24.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks,
California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Davis, L. N., Gough, M., & Taylor, L. L. (2019) Online teaching: Advantages, obstacles and tools for getting it right. Journal of
Teaching in Travel & Tourism, 19
(3), 256-263.

Dhawan, S. (2020). Online learning: A panacea in the time of COVID-19 crisis. Journal of Educational Technology System,
(1), 5-22. htps://

Enosh, G., Tzafrir, S. S., & Stolovy, T. (2014). The development of client violence questionnaire (CVQ). Journal of Mixed Methods
Research, 9
(3), 273–290.

Ertmer, P. A. (1999). Addressing first- and second-order barriers to change: Strategies for technology integration. Educational
Technology Research and Development, 47
(4), 47-61

Fetters, M. D. (2016). Haven’t we always been doing mixed methods research? Lessons learned from the development of the horseless carriage. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 10(1), 3–11.

Jeffrey, L.M., Milne,J., & Suddaby, G. (2014). Blended learning: How teachers balance the blend of online and classroom components. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 13, 121-140.

Kemenristekdikti, (2016). Ministry of research, technology and higher education, the manual book of mission-aim education fee scholarship implementation. Jakarta: Directorate General of Learning and Student Affair.

Malik, R. S. & Hamied, F. A. (2016). Research methods: A guide for first-time researchers. Bandung: UPI Press.

Maxwell, J. A. (2016). Expanding the history and range of mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research,
(1), 12–27.

Muthuprasad, T.,  Aiswarya, S.,   Aditya,K.S., Jha,  Girish K. (2021). Students’ perception and preference for online education in India
during COVID -19 pandemic. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 3(1),1-11.

O’Malley, J., & McCraw, H. (1999). Students Perceptions of Distance Learning, Online Learning and the Traditional Classroom. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 2(4), 1–12.

Oye, N.D., Salleh, M., and Iahad, N.A. (2012). E-learning methodologies and tools. (IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced
Computer Science and Applications, 3
(2), 48-52.

Pearson, J., & Trinidad, S. (2005). OLES: An instrument for refining the design of e-learning environments. Journal of
Computer Assisted Learning, 21
(6), 396-404.

Rahayu and Suwanda. (2015). The pattern of mission-aim scholarship usage by the student of social science faculty Surabaya public university batch 2011. Journal of Moral and Citizenship Studies, 03(03): 1160-1174.

Trinidad, S. & Pearson, J. (2004). Implementing and evaluating e-learning environments. In R. Atkinson, C. McBeath, D. Jonas-Dwyer, R. Phillips, (Eds.), Beyond the comfort zone: Proceedings of the 21st ASCILITE Conference (pp. 895-903). Perth, Australia: Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education.

Trinidad, S., Aldridge, J., & Fraser, B. (2005). Development and use of an online learning environment survey.
Journal of Educational Technology, 21(1), 60-81.

United Nation. (2020). Policy brief: Education during COVID-19 and beyond. UN: Retrieved from: /sg_policy_brief_covid-19_and_education_august_2020.pdf

Wu, Z. (2020). How a top Chinese university is responding to coronavirus. Retrieved from:
(accessed on 8 May 2021).

Zhong, R. (2020). The coronavirus exposes education’s digital divide. The New York Times.


Received: 03/27/2022
Accepted: 06/19/2022
Published: 07/25/2022  

Lutfi Asyari is a lecturer at Indonesia Institute of Education, Garut, Indonesia. He had got his doctorate in Curriculum Development from the Indonesia University of Education in Bandung. He teaches a wide variety of courses including Curriculum Development, and Distance Learning. 0000-0001-7279-2965

Abdurrahmansyah is a lecturer at State Islamic University of Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia. He graduated from Indonesia University of Education with the concentration of Curriculum Development in 2014. He is also a head of Islamic study program at Post Graduate Program of UIN Raden Fatah. 

Welly Ardiansyah is an English lecturer at Sriwijaya State Polytechnic, Palembang, Indonesia. He graduated with a doctoral degree in 2013 from the Indonesia University of Education in Bandung. His research focusses are Language Learning Strategies (LLS), English for Specific Purposes (ESP), Curriculum development, Corpus Linguistics, and English language skills.