Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 9. July 2023                     Pp.67-86

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The Future of English as a Foreign Language Teaching and Learning in View of the Fourth
Industrial Revolution in the MENA Region

Manal Mohammed Taher Qutub
English Language Institute, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Syeda Saima Ferheen Bukhari
English Language Institute, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author:

Sahar Ali Fadel
English Language Institute, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Hind Sulaiman Abdulkader Aljuhani
English Language Institute, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Received: 04/06/2023                 Accepted:07/06/2023                 Published: 07/24/2023


The Fourth Industrial Revolution, with the emergence of educational technologies and digital innovations, makes it essential for the Higher Education sector to review the teaching-learning practices to reshape the futuristic plans for 21st Century learners. English language education has been focused in regions, where the language-learning environment and procedures are transforming with the bend of new technological intrusions and AI intervention. Therefore; the present study aims to investigate the future of EFL Teaching and Learning given the 4IR in the MENA Region. The study is significant as it probes the teaching-learning strategies and examines the readiness of teachers, learners, and the learning environment. The study’s main question is, ‘To what extent is the learning environment concerning English language teaching and learning at universities in the MENA Region ready to cope with the 4IR demands?’ A survey, with 39 items under four sub-divisions, and a fully-structured interview were used. A total of 70 EL teachers participated from universities in the MENA and its neighboring regions. Linear Regression and Thematic analysis of the data show quantitative and qualitative results, respectively. Findings reveal an evident level of readiness in teachers. Results show that Teachers’ awareness seems to impact their tendency toward integrating educational technologies. The findings suggest careful curriculum revision because the resources are often reported as outdated. Since the role of EFL in the MENA is to prepare learners for 4IR socio-economic systems and their diversified challenges, the study recommends a thorough review to upgrade the teaching-learning resources, materials, and procedures.
Keywords: digital innovations, English language teaching, Higher Education, Fourth Industrial Revolution, teaching-learning readiness

Cite as: Qutub, M. M. T., Bukhari, S.S.F., Fadel, S.A.,& Aljuhani, H.S.A. (2023). The Future of English as a Foreign Language Teaching and Learning in View of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in the MENA Region.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (9)67-86 DOI:


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Received: 04/06/2023  
Accepted: 07/06/2023 
Published: 07/24/2023    

Dr. Manal Mohammed Taher Qutub is an Assistant Professor of Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) at the University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She is a member of the Arab World English Journal’s board of reviewers. Manal has carried out several research projects including “A Framework for Developing the Basic Academic Competencies in ESL Programs”. Her research and publications focus on assessing language skills, Education 4.0, and integrating global issues in ESL/EFL context.

Syeda Saima Ferheen Bukhari is an Academic Coordinator at the English Language Institute at the University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She holds an MPhil degree in English Linguistics and MA in English Literature. Saima is a Cambridge-certified teacher-trainer, and she has contributed as a volunteer reviewer for TESOL Journal, JMMD Routledge, and LTR SAGE Journal. She is highly interested in empirical research, and investigating technological interventions in language learning and development.

 Sahar Ali Fadel is a lecturer at the English Language Institute at the University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She holds an MA degree in TESOL and is a Cambridge-certified teacher-trainer with around 14 years of EFL teaching experience. Sahar is interested in conducting research in new areas such as Humor in EFL/ESL classrooms, the 4IR effects on language learning, and the common core research on conversation analysis, discourse analysis, Corpora, and test anxiety.

Hind Sulaiman Abdulkader Aljuhani is a faculty member at the English Language Institute at the University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  She has a Master of Education in TESOL from CSUSB, USA. Her master thesis is titled Using Corpora in a Lexicalized Stylistics Approach to Teaching English-as-a-Foreign-Language Literature. She has almost six years of experience teaching English as a foreign language. Her area of interest is TESOL, Language Acquisition, Sociolinguistics, Discourse Analysis, and Corpora.