Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on ChatGPT, April 2024                                             Pp4-25.

Full Paper PDF

Impact of ChatGPT on Academic Writing at Moroccan Universities

Khairi Al-Zubaidi
Corresponding Author:

Mohamed Jaafari
Faculty of Letters & Human Sciences, Beni Mellal
University Sultan Moulay Slimane (USMS), Morocco

Fatima Zahra Touzani
Faculty of Arabic Language, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco


Received:04/06/2024              Accepted: 04/15/2024                         Published: 04/24/2024


The new wave of buzzword technology has launched the Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer (ChatGPT). The ChatGPT application, besides its benefits, has created a worldwide heated debate about its impact on quality and the future of education. Artificial intelligence and other computing technology advancements have dominated the academic scene The main aim of this paper is to map out the impact of the use of ChatGPT on academic writing at Moroccan universities. The researchers have designed a questionnaire for the purpose of this study. The research targets university students and educators for their possible expertise in academic writing. The distribution intends to ensure representation across levels of education, age, and gender. One hundred and eighty volunteers participated by providing insightful data about the investigation.  The results of the study revealed that participants confirm the value and efficacy of ChatGPT as a tool; Moroccan respondents admit that ChatGPT can be both beneficial and harmful to students. Students at different educational levels venture into the use of ChatGPT without guidance and training. They are at a crossroads without direction signs in implementing ChatGPT appropriately, so they are astray about whether to use ChatGPT academically, how, and where. The educators, though they are provided with accounts in iThenticate plagiarism detector, stay aloof and claim training in their turn, but the educational authorities, ministry, and universities continue to keep taciturn.
Keywords: Academic writing, ChatGPT application, detectors, Generative AI, impact, Moroccan universities,
OpenAI, plagiarism, perceptions

Cite as: Al-Zubaidi, K., Jaafari, M., & Touzani, F. Z. (2024). Impact of ChatGPT on Academic Writing at Moroccan Universities.
Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on ChatGPT, April 2024:4-25.


Adarkwah, M. A., Ying, C., Mustafa, M. Y., & Huang, R. (2023). Prediction of Learner

Information-Seeking Behavior and Classroom Engagement in the Advent of

ChatGPPT. In C. Anutariya, D. L. Kinshuk, A. Tlili, J. Yang, & M. Chang (Eds.), Smart Learning for a Sustainable Society (pp. 117-126). Proceedings of the 7th

International Conference on Smart Learning Environment. Springer.

Agadi, M., & Chintha, S. B. R. (2023). Fake News & Fact Checking 101. Fact Protocol.

Albarran, A. B. (2024). The Media Economy. Routledge.

Alto, V. (2023). Modern Generative AI with ChatGPT and OpenAI Models: Leverage the

 Capabilities of OpenAI’s LLM for Productivity and Innovation with GPT3 and GPT4.

Packt Publishing.

Aslam, M. S., & Nisar, S. (2023). Artificial Intelligence Applications Using ChatGPT in

 Education: Case Studies and Practices. IGI Global.

Babu, C. V. S., & Akshara, P. M. (2023). Revolutionizing Conversational AI: Unleashing the

Power of ChatGPT-Based Applications in Generative AI and Natural Language

Processing. In A. J. Obaid, B. Bhushan, M. S. Pdi, & S. S. Rajest (Eds.), Advanced

Applications of Generative AI and Natural Language Processing Models (pp. 228-

248). IGI Global.

Baker, P. (2023). ChatGPT for Dummies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Behrens, T. (2024). Rewrite for Readability: An Artist’s Journey through Generative AI in

  1. 2023. Verlag.

Bogost, I. (December, 7.2022). ChatGPT Is Dumber Than You Think: Treat it like a toy, not a tool.  The Atlantic

Bouchoux, D. E. (2024). Concise Guide to Legal Research and Writing. Aspen Publishing.

Browne R.,(December, 27. 2023). New York Times sues Microsoft, ChatGPT maker OpenAI over copyright
infringement. CNBC

Bryant, J., & Mukherjee, A. (2023). The Future of Finance with ChatGPT and Power BI.

Cho, W. (December,28.  2023). The New York Times Brings Receipts in Lawsuit Against OpenAI

Packt Publishing.

Ciesla, R. (2024). The Book of Chatbots: From ELIZA to ChatGPT. Springer.

CNBC (November 22, 2023) OpenAI brings Sam Altman back as CEO less than a week after he was fired by board

Crcek, N. & Patekar, J. (2023). Writing with AI: University Students’ Use of ChatGPT.

Journal of Language and Education 9 (4), 128-138.

Danner, C. (NOV. 22, 2023). Why Was Sam Altman Fired as CEO of OpenAI? Intelligencer, New York

Davidson, C. C. (2023).  Enhancing Outcomes, Fostering Values, and Shaping Pedagogy with

ChatGPT in English Learning Courses: AI in Two Value-Oriented English Language

Courses. In G. Kartal (Ed.), Transforming the Language Teaching Experience in the

 Age of AI (pp. 234-255). IGI Global.

Hart-Davis, G. (2023). Killer ChatGPT Prompts: Harness the Power of AI for Success and

Profit. Wiley.

Karunaratne, T., & Adesina, A. (2023). Is It the New Google: Impact of ChatGPT on

Students’ Information Search Habits. In S. Johnson & S. Singh (Eds), Proceedings of

the 22nd European Conference on e-Learning ECEL (pp. 147-155). Academic

Conference International Limited.

Kent, J. L. (2023). ChatGPT for Business: The Best Artificial Intelligence Applications,

Marketing and Tools to Boost Your Income. Jake L. Kent.

Kieser, F., & Wulf, P. (2024). Using Large Language Models to Probe Cognitive Constructs,

Augment Data, and Design Instructional Materials. In M. S. Khine (Ed.), Machine

 Learning in Educational Sciences: Approaches, Applications and Advances (pp. 293-

314). Springer.

Kumar, C. P. (2023). Mastering Content Creation with ChatGPT. Retrieved from

Kumar, C. P. (2023). Unleashing Creativity with ChatGPT: A Writing Prompt Companion.


Kumar, S. (2023). Revolutionizing Education: How ChatGPT Enables Personalized Learning.

Retrieved from

Kurban, C. F., & Sahin, M. (2024). The Impact of ChatGPT on Higher Education: Exploring the AI Revolution. Emerald Publishing Limited.

Lee, S. (2024). Utilizing a ChatGPT Workshop to Foster Ethical Awareness and Enhance L 2

English Writing Revision Processes in University Academic Settings: ChatGPT

Workshop for    Effective and Ethical L 2 English Writing. In F. Pan (Ed.), AI Language

Teaching, Learning and Assessment (pp. 269-299). IGI Global.

Lewis, B. & Mukherjee, S. (September 2023). Generation AI: education reluctantly embraces the bots. Reuters.

Li, B., Chen, Q., Lin, J., Li, S., & Yen, J. (2024). Assessing GPT-4 Generated Abstracts: Text

Relevance and Detectors Based on Faithfulness, Expressiveness, and Elegance

Principle. In Y. Tan & Y. Shi (Eds.), Data Mining and Big Data (pp. 165-180). 8th

International Conference, DMBD 2023 Sanya, China, December 9-12, 2023.

Proceedings. Part I. Springer.

Li, B., Ju, J., Wang, C., & Pan, S. (2023). How Does ChatGPT Affect Fake News Detection

Systems?” In X. Yang, H. Suhartanto, G. Wang, B. Wang, J. Jiang, B. Li, H. Zhu, & Cui (Eds), Advanced Data Mining and Applications (pp. 566-580). 19th

International Conference, ADMA 2023. Shenyang, China, August 21-23, 2023

Proceedings. Part II. Springer.

Linda, S. (2024). A State-of-the-Art Review on the Implications of ChatGPT in Educational

Practices and Research. In G. S. Prakasha, M. Lapina, D. Balakrishnan, & M. Sajid

(Eds.), Educational Perspectives on Digital Technologies in Modeling and  Management (pp. 1-24). IGI Global.

Li, P., Lee, H., Cheng, Y., Starcic, A. I., & Huang, Y. (2023). Solving the Self-regulated

Learning Problem: Exploring the Performance of ChatGPT in Mathematics. In Y.

Huang, & T. Rocha (Eds.) Innovative Technologies and Learning (pp. 77-86).


Lipizzi, C. (2024). Societal Impacts of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. Springer.

Love, A. S., Labay-Marques, J., & Valadez, R. (2023). Learners’ Needs and Integrating

Technology for Effective Online Education: Adult-Centered Approaches for Teaching

and Learning. In. J. Keengwe (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Innovative Framework

and Inclusive Models for Online Learning (pp. 172-193). IGI Global.

Mahmood, S., Khan, M. O., & Hameed, I. (2023, June). Letter to the Editor: With Great

Power Comes Great Responsibility: Deductions of Using ChatGPT for Medical

Research. Excli Journal, 22, 499-501.

Mazhara, G., & Melnychuk, V. (2023). Artificial Intelligence Management in Industry 4.0 –

Challenge or Opportunity. In A. Burduk, A. D. L. Batako, J. Machado, R. Wyczolkowski, E. Dostanti,
& I. Rojek (Eds), Intelligent Systems in Production Engineering and Maintenance III (pp. 578-588). Springer.

Mhlanga, D. (2023). Fin Tech and Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable Development: The  Role of Smart Technologies in Achieving Development Goals. Palgrave Macmillan.

Mindner, L., Schlippe, T., & Schaaff, K. (2024). Classification of Human-and AI-Generated

Texts: Investigating Features for ChatGPT. In T. Schlippe, E. C. K. Cheng, & T.

Wang (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Education Technologies: New Development and

Innovative Practices (pp. 152-170). Proceedings of 2023 4th International Conference

on Artificial Intelligence in Education technology. Springer. E-Book

Oberer, B. & Erkollar, A. (2023). ChatGPT: Should It Have a Role in Education? In. D.

Guralnick, M. E. Auer, & A. Poce (Eds.), Creative Approaches to Technology:

Enhanced Learning for the Workplace and Higher Education (pp. 405-416).

Proceedings of the Learning Ideas Conference 2023. Springer.

Oranga, J. (2023). Benefits of Artificial Intelligence (ChatGPT) in Education and  Learning: Is ChatGPT Helpful? International Review of Practical Innovation, Technology and Green Energy, 3 (3), 46-50.

Patel, P. (n.d.) From Idea to Bestseller: Writing a Book with ChatGPT’s Help. Retrieved from



Rainer, R. K., & Prince, B. (2023). Introduction to Information Systems. Wiley.

Rosenzweig-Ziff, D. (January 5, 2023). New York City blocks use of the ChatGPT bot in its schools, Washington Post

Rosenblatt, K. (May 18, 2023). New York City public schools remove ChatGPT ban) https://www.nbcnews.

Scholl, H. (2023). Internet Marketing with ChatGPT Optimization. Author.

Selvakumar, P., Muthusamy, S., Datishkumar, D., Vigneshkumar, P., Selvamurugan, C., &

Satheeshkumar, P. (2024). AI-Powered Tools. In D. Datishkumar & M. Sivaraja

(Eds.), Using Real-Time Data and AI for Thrust Manufacturing (pp. 20-42). IGI


Shin, D. (2024). Artificial Misinformation: Exploring Human-Algorithm Interaction Online.

Palgrave Macmillan.

Spair, R. (2023). ChatGPT: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. Kindle Edition.

Toppo, G. (July 18, 2023). National ChatGPT Survey: Teachers Accepting AI Into Classrooms & Workflow —
Even More Than Students,

Ventayen, R. J. M. (2023). Open AI ChatGPT-Generated Results: Similarity Index of

Artificial Intelligence-Based Contents. In G. Ranganathan, Y. El Allioui, & S.

Piramuthu (Eds.), Soft Computing for Security Applications (pp. 215- 226).

Proceedings of ICSCS 2023. Springer. E-Book.

Vihol, R. K., Tejwani, S., Bhata, V. R., & Mohan, C. (2023). The Research Methodology: Cases & Concepts. AG Publishing House.

West, C. (2023). Creating Online Courses with ChatGPT: A Step-by-Step Guide with Prompt Templates. Master Content Creation.

Yanev, M. (2023). Building AI Applications with ChatGPT APIs. Packt Publishing.

Received: 04/06/2024
Accepted: 04/15/2024
Published: 04/24/2024

Prof. Dr. Khairi Al-Zubaidi holds an MA. and Ph.D. from the U.S.A. He has worked and taught in Iraq, Spain, Oman, Jordan, Syria, Malaysia, and the United States. His research interests include applied linguistics, translation, cultural studies, and media literacy. He has presented and published widely. ORCiD ID:

 Dr. Mohamed JAAFARI is an Associate Professor of English Studies, Linguistics, Translation & Intercultural Communication at the Faculty of Letters & Human Sciences, Beni Mellal, University Sultan Moulay Slimane (USMS), Morocco. He is an International Leadership Program Visitor, International Journal of Civilisations Studies & Tolerance Sciences Editorial Board Member and EJES Editorial Committee Member.ORCiD ID :

 Dr. Fatima Zahra Touzani is an assistant professor of English studies and literature at the Faculty of Arabic Language, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco. Her major research areas are postcolonial studies, modern poetry, and modern fiction.