Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number1  March 2021                                               Pp. 498 -514

Full Paper PDF



Challenges and Strategies in Teaching Speaking Skills to the Yemeni EFL
Learners at Aden University: A Case Study

Abdulbari Mahboob Ahmed Al-Hassaani
Department of English, College of Education, University of Aden, Aden, Yemen
Department of English, College of Arts, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia
Correspondent Author:

Abdulkarim Fadhl Mahmood Qaid
 Department of English, College of Education, Saber, University of Aden
Aden, Yemen

Recived: 11/22/2020              Accepted: 1/26/2021              Published: 3/24/2021


Abstract :
This study focused on Yemeni EFL learners of second-year level, Department of English, College of Education/Saber, Aden University. Yemeni learners started to study English in class seven at the age of about 14, and this is a problem for Yemeni EFL learners. Besides, Yemeni EFL learners’ problems were inadequate syllabus and inappropriate teaching materials of English-speaking skills course. The researchers identified a problem existing in the classroom. The learners in this college faced difficulties in their study of English-speaking skills at Aden University. This was because of their limited background in English. They felt anxiety and fear of making mistakes. The study’s main objective was to examine the difficulties faced by the Yemeni EFL learners in English-speaking skills course at Aden University. The study contributed to finding remedies to the Yemeni EFL learners’ problems in English -speaking skills. It would also help syllabus designers, teaching materials writers, learners, and teachers at Aden University. We conclude that the Yemeni EFL learners need enough time to practice English-speaking skills at Aden University. The current syllabus and teaching materials for teaching English-speaking skills need to be changed and developed to match the learners’ needs in the labor market.
Keywords:  Aden University, challenges, English language, speaking skills, strategies, Yemeni EFL learners

Cite as:  Al-Hassaani, A. M. A., & Qaid, A. F. M.  (2021). Challenges and Strategies in Teaching Speaking Skills to the Yemeni EFL Learners at Aden University: A Case Study. Arab World English Journal, 12 (1) 498 -514.


Al-Ahdal, A. A. M. H., Alfallaj, F., Al-Awaied, S., & Al-Hattami, A. A. (2014). A comparative study of proficiency in speaking and writing among EFL learners in Saudi Arabia. American International Journal of Contemporary Research4(2), 141-149.http//

Al-Ghazali, S., & Qaid, A. M. (2019). Speech and Articulation Rates of Speaking Fluency by Yemeni EFL Learners. Language in India19(2).

Al Hosni, S. (2014). Speaking Difficulties Encountered by Young EFL Learners. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL) 2 (6), 2-30.

Ali, J. K. M.,   Shamsan, M.A., Guduru, R., &  Yemmela, N. (2019) Attitudes of Saudi EFL Learners towards Speaking Skills. Arab World English Journal10 (2) 253-364.

Ali, J.K.M., & Bin-Hady, W. R. A. (2019). A Study of EFL Students’ Attitudes, Motivation and Anxiety towards WhatsApp as a Language Learning Tool. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (5). 289-298 DOI:

Al-Tamimi, N. O. M. (2014). Public speaking instruction: abridge to improve English speaking competence and reducing communication apprehension. International journal of linguistics and communication2(4), 45-68.

Brown, H.D (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. White Plains, NY: Pearson Longman.

Dewi, A. (2015). Perception of English: A study of staff and students at universities in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Gathumbi, A. & Masembi, S.C. (2005). Principles and Techniques in Language Teaching. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.

Richard, J.C. (2006). Communicative Language Teaching Today. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, J.C., & Rodgers, T.S. (1986). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sarantakos, S. (1998). Social Research. Hong Kong: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Shaw, P.A. (1982). Ad hoc needs analysis. Modern English Teacher, 9(1), 12-14.

Received: 11/22/2020  
Accepted: 1/26/2021   
Published: 3/24/2021   

Dr. Abdulbari Mahboob Ahmed Al-Hassaani is a Ph.D. holder. He graduated from India, in 2009. He is an assistant professor of applied linguistics, English Department, Aden University. He is currently teaching in English Department, College of Arts, University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia. He taught many courses in English Department

Dr. Abdukarim Fadhl Mahmood Al-salmi is a Ph.D. holder, graduated from India, in 2008. He is an assistant professor in methods of teaching, English Department, Aden University. He is currently working at Aden University. He is also an assistant dean for the academic affairs, Community college in Yemen