Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 7. July 2021                       Pp.  314-330

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The Use of Technology in Teaching of Writing Among Malaysian ESL Secondary School

Kee Tze Pheng
Faculty of Education,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Harwati Hashim
Faculty of Education
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
Corresponding Author:

Nur Ainil Sulaiman
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia


Received: 5/11/2021               Accepted:   7/12/2021            Published: 7/26/2021

The application of technology in education has become a significant option for a more efficient and interactive approach, particularly in language teaching. However, few studies have investigated the use of technology in the teaching of writing in English language classrooms, especially in the Malaysian context. The present study investigates the teaching of writing practices and technology tools employed by English as a second language teachers when teaching writing skills. Using Technology Acceptance Model as the underpinning theory, this study also examines the effectiveness of the use of technology in the teaching of writing by collecting data from forty secondary school English teachers in Malaysia using a set of questionnaires.  The findings indicated that technology is an important tool to improve students’ writing skills, assist teachers as a teaching aid and promote student engagement in the classroom. However, the lack of technical support hinders some teachers from using technology because it takes a lot of time which disrupts the teaching and learning process. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that technology plays an important role in helping teachers to improve students’ writing skills. Significantly, the findings of this study provide evidence to improve the application of technology in language teaching and learning.
Keywords: English as a Second Language, ESL classroom, technology, teaching writing, Technology Acceptance Model

Cite as:  Pheng, K. P. ,  Hashim, H., & Sulaiman, N. A.(2021).  The Use of Technology in Teaching of Writing among Malaysian ESL Secondary School Teachers .  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (7). 314-330.


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Received: 5/11/2021
Accepted:   7/12/2021
Published: 7/26/2021    

Kee Tze Pheng is a Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) undergraduate student at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM).  ORCid ID:

Harwati Hashim, PhD, is a senior lecturer at the Centre for Innovation in Teaching and Learning, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). She is an educational technology enthusiast and an m-learning practitioner.  Her areas of concentration are TESL, mobile learning, Mobile-assisted Language Learning (MALL), technology acceptance as well as innovative pedagogy and the use of technology in teaching English as a Second Language (ESL). ORCid ID:

Nur Ainil Sulaiman PhD, is a lecturer at the Centre for Innovation in Teaching and Learning, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). ORCid ID: 0000-0001-6212-7494