Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number2.  June 2022                                            Pp. 91-108
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no2.7

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The Role of Lexical Chunks in Promoting English Writing Competence among Foreign Language
Learners in Saudi Arabia

Rashidah Albaqami
   Department of English language
Turabah University College, Taif University
Taif, Saudi Arabia
Email: r.mohamad@tu.edu.sa

Received: 3/22/2022                        Accepted: 4/25/20 2022                        Published: 6/24/2022

 

 Abstract:
This study examines the effect of enhanced input of lexical chunks on the performance of Arabic-speaking English learners’ writings. Lexical chunks, containing their forms, meanings, and functions, stored and recovered as a single component in brains, may alleviate language processing problems and increase language proficiency. The research examines if enhancing exposure to lexical chunks might advance foreign language learners’ writing in Saudi Arabia. The study attempts to find an answer to the following question: What is the potential impact of rich input of lexical chunks on Arabic-speaking learners of English e-mail writing competence?  A total of 34 female university students were divided into two groups and given a pre-test and post-test in which they wrote and composed e-mails in English. The experimental group was then exposed to a treatment (i.e., extensive exposure to lexical chunks available via an e-mail phrase bank). After eight weeks of treatment, the experimental group outperformed the control group on the post-treatment test. The results demonstrate that learners with more lexical chunks are more likely to perform better and vice versa. The results indicate that the experimental group had a favorable attitude about lexical chunks through the e-mail phrase bank. The results suggest that abundant input of lexical chunks aids in improving learners’ writing performance. The findings also suggest that increased input of lexical chunks may lessen the potential negative transfer of the mother language, therefore refining writing in terms of collocations, grammatical structures, and discourse coherence. 

Keywords: Arabic, English, input, exposure, Lexical Approach, lexical chunks, Saudi foreign
language learners, e-mail writing, competency

Cite as: Albaqami, R. (2022). The Role of Lexical Chunks in Promoting English Writing Competence among Foreign Language Learners in Saudi Arabia. Arab World English Journal, 13 (2) 91-108.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no2.7

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Received: 3/22/2022  
Accepted: 4/25/20 2022
Published: 6/24/2022
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol13no2.7

Rashidah Albaqami, Associate Professor in Applied Linguistics, Department of English Language, Turabah University College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia. My research is concerned with comparative aspects of language, from both empirical and theoretical standpoints. I am interested basically in Second Language Acquisition, with a special interest in the L2 development by Arabic speakers of English. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9659-9756