Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges April 2021 Pp. 209-221
The Effects of COVID-19 on EFL Learners’ Anxiety at the University of Bisha
Ghazwan Mohammed Saeed Mohammed
Department of English, College of Sciences and Arts (Alnamas)
University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author: email@example.com
Badri Abdulhakim DM Mudhsh
Department of Linguistics, Aligarh Muslim University
Recived: 1/15/2021 Accepted: 3/8/2021 Published: 4/26/2021
This study investigates the effects of COVID-19 on English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ anxiety at the University of Bisha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The differences between male and female learners and learners of the different study levels in terms of anxiety caused by COVID-19 were investigated. Moreover, the study sheds light on two factors which are the internal factors and external factors that increase learning anxiety during COVID-19 and the strategies used by the learners to decrease the negative effects of COVID-19 on learning anxiety. The data of the study were collected from 80 EFL learners (40 males and 40 females) at the University of Bisha. This study is considerable as it deals with something that is important in the learning and teaching processes these days. The study revealed that COVID-19 causes normal anxiety to the EFL learners at the University of Bisha. It was also revealed that there is no significant difference between the male and female learners in terms of anxiety caused by COVID-19 and external factors. There is a significant difference between them in terms of the internal factors and strategies used by the learners to decrease the negative effects of learning anxiety during COVID-19. Lastly, there was no significant difference between the learners of the different study levels in terms of anxiety, internal factors and external factors that increase negative learning anxiety and the strategies used by the learners to decrease the negative learning anxiety during COVID-19.
Keywords: Covid-19, EFL learners, learning anxiety, University of Bisha
Cite as: Mohammed, G.M.S., & Mudhsh, B.A.D. (2021). The Effects of COVID-19 on EFL Learners’ Anxiety at the University of Bisha .
Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges (1) 209-221.
Aqeel, M., Shuja, K. H., Abbas, J., Rehna, T., & Ziapour, A. (2020). The Influence of Illness Perception, Anxiety and Depression Disorders on Students Mental Health during COVID-19 Outbreak in Pakistan: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Survey. Available at https://assets.researchsquare.com/files/rs-30128/v1/994fd6d6-496a-47ae-b187-28b2e20f0c74.pdf
Arënliu, A., & Bërxulli, D. (2020). Rapid assessment: Psychological distress among students in Kosovo during the COVID-19 pandemic. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340262171_Rapid_assessment_Psychological_distress_
Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J.(2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102633/
Chew, Q. H., Wei, K. C., Vasoo, S., Chua, H. C., & Sim, K. (2020). Narrative synthesis of psychological and coping responses towards emerging infectious disease outbreaks in the general population: practical considerations for the COVID-19 pandemic. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 61 (7), 350-356. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2020046.
Demuyakor, J. (2020). Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Online Learning in Higher Institutions of Education: A Survey of the Perceptions of Ghanaian International Students in China. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies,10 (3), e2020.18.
Hasan, N., & Bao, Y. (2020). Impact of “e-Learning crack-up” perception on psychological distress among college students during COVID-19 pandemic: A mediating role of “fear of academic year loss”. Children and Youth Services Review, 118, 105355. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7422835/
Killian, J. (2020). College students, professors adjust to COVID-19 life. NC Policy Watch, 1. Available
Li, C., & Lalani, F. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic has changed education forever. This is how. World economic forum, 29. Available at https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/04/coronavirus-education-global-covid19-online-digital-learning/
Li, S., Wang, Y., Xue, J., Zhao, N., & Zhu, T. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 epidemic declaration on psychological consequences: a study on active Weibo users. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17 (6). Available at https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/6/2032/htm
Mahyoob, M. (2020). Challenges of e-Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Experienced by EFL Learners. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 11 (4). Available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3652757
Martínez-Lorca, M., Martínez-Lorca, A., Criado-Álvarez, J. J., & Armesilla, M. D. C. (2020). The fear of COVID-19 scale: validation in Spanish university students. Psychiatry research. Available at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32777619/
Moawad, R. A. (2020). Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic and Academic Stress in University Students. Revista Româneascăpentru Educaţie Multidimensională, 12 (1 Sup2), 100-107. Available at https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=859384
Qiu, J.Shen, B., Zhao, M., Wang, Z., Xie, B., & Xu, Y.(2020). A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. General psychiatry, 33 (2). Available at https://gpsych.bmj.com/content/gpsych/33/2/e100213.full.pdf
Rahman, M. M.(2020). Challenges and Solutions of Teaching English online during a Global Pandemic like COVID-19: Saudi EFL Teachers’ Perspectives. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 55 (6), 1-9. Available at https://doi.org/10.35741/issn.0258-27126.96.36.199
Rundle, A. G., Park, Y., Herbstman, J. B., Kinsey, E. W., & Wang, Y. C. (2020). COVID‐19 Related School Closings and Risk of Weight Gain among Children. Obesity, 28 (6),1008-1009. doi: 10.1002/oby.22813.
Silva, W. A. D., Brito, T. R. D. S. & Pereira, C. R. (2020). COVID-19 anxiety scale (CAS): Development and psychometric properties. Current Psychology. doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01195-0
Sintema, E. J. (2020). Effect of COVID-19 on the Performance of Grade 12 Students: Implications for STEM Education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16 (7). Available at https://www.ejmste.com/article/effect-of-covid-19-on-the-performance-of-grade-12-students-implications-for-stem-education-7893
Sood S. (2020). Psychological effects of the Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. RHiME, 7, 23-26. Available at https://www.rhime.in/ojs/index.php/rhime/article/view/264
Sundarasen, S., et al. (2020). Psychological impact of COVID-19 and lockdown among university students in Malaysia: Implications and policy recommendations. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(17). Available at https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/17/6206
UNESCO. (2020). Education: From disruption to recovery. Available at https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=UNESCO.+%282020%29.+Education%3A+From+disruption+to+recovery.&btnG=
Van Lancker, W., & Parolin, Z. (2020). COVID-19, school closures, and child poverty: a social crisis in the making. The Lancet Public Health, 5(5), e243-e244. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30084-0
Wang, C., & Zhao, H. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on Anxiety in Chinese University Students. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. Available at https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01168/full
Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S. & Ho, R. C. (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(5). Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7084952/
World Health Organization. (2020). Mental health and psychosocial considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak, 18 March 2020. World Health Organization. Available at https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/mental-health-considerations.pdf