Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number1 March 2020                                                  Pp 459. 481

Full paper PDF 


The Effect of SPAWN Strategy in Developing Persuasive Writing Skills and Productive
Habits of Mind

Amal Musaed Alkthery
Department of  EFL Teaching,  Makkah Education Directorate
Makkah, Saudi Arabia

  Dalal Abdullah Al-Qiawi
Department of Curriculum & Instruction
College of Education, University of Jeddah
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.




This research investigated the effect of SPAWN strategy in developing persuasive writing skills and productive habits of mind in  the English language among second secondary grade students. The study adopted the quasi-experimental design, which involves two groups: experimental and control. For data collection, the researcher designed the following instruments and materials: the teacher’s guide to teach persuasive writing and develop productive habits of mind by using SPAWN strategy, persuasive writing skills test and rubric, and the productive habits of mind scale. These instrument were applied to a sample of sixty students in the second secondary grade. Data were analyzed through Pearson’s correlation coefficient, independent samples t-test, paired-samples t-test, and ETA squared. The findings revealed statistically significant differences between the mean scores of the experimental and the control groups in the post-administration of persuasive writing test and productive habits of mind scale in favor of the experimental group. Also, the results obtained through the paired-sample t-test and the Eta squared showed that the experimental group students achieved  significantly higher scores in the post-tests. Besides, Pearson’s correlation coefficient revealed the strong positive correlation between persuasive writing skills and the four selected productive habits of mind, which are: Thinking flexibly, Questioning and Problem posing, Apply prior knowledge to new situations, Creating Imagining and Innovating. In recommended , include the persuasive writing skills in second secondary grade students’ textbook and teachers’ guide to help teach, develop and evaluate students’ persuasive writing skills effectively. Besides, including the procedures of SPAWN strategy in the teachers’ manual  to enhancing students persuasive writing and promote productive habits of mind.
KeywordsSPAWN strategy, writing skills, habits of mind,  persuasive writing, Saudi EFL    students.

Cite as:  Alkthery, A. M., & Al-Qiawi, D. A. (2020). The Effect of SPAWN Strategy in Developing Persuasive Writing Skills and Productive Habits of Mind. Arab World English Journal, 11 (1) 459. 481.


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Amal Musaed Alkthery is an EFL teacher in the Ministry of Education. Earned her master’s
degree in Curriculum and instruction of teaching English, Department of Curriculum and
Instruction, The University of Jeddah. Her research interests include issues in Language teaching,
Educational Technology, and professional development. ORCID
Dr. Dalal Abdulla Alqaiawi is an associate professor of English Language Curriculum and
Instruction, Facility of Education, University of Jeddah, Jeddah Saudi Arabia. Currently, she is the
head of Curriculum and instruction in the department. She actively publishes in the areas of
teaching English as a foreign language, content analysis, and thinking skills. ORCID