Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume.8Number.2 June, 2017                                                Pp. 171-182
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol8no2.12

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The Effect of Gender and Proficiency Level on Writing Strategy Use among Iraqi High School Students

Qusay Mahdi Mutar
Department of English, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

                                    Vahid Nimehchisalem (Corresponding Author)
Department of English, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communicatio,
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

 

Abstract:
This study aims to 1) explore the extent Iraqi high school students’ use of writing strategies; 2) identify the contribution of proficiency level to writing strategy use; and 3) compare male and female students’ writing strategy use. This study employed a quantitative approach, whereby a total of 132 high school students were randomly selected from the Karkh’sdistrict of Baghdad to constitute the sample of the study. A 30-item 3-point Likert scale questionnaire on writing strategy use that was adapted from Petrić&Czárl’s (2003) writing strategy questionnaire served as the instrument of the study. The results of the study reveal that the frequency of strategy use was low among the participants. In addition, no significant difference was found between high and low proficiency students’strategy use. Finally, it was found that there is significant difference between female and male students’ strategy use. Female students were found to use writing strategies more than males. The paper concludes with a discussion on the implications of the findings.
Keywords: gender, Iraqi EFL learners, language proficiency, writing strategy

Cite as: Mutar, Q. M. & Nimehchisalem, V. (2017). The Effect of Gender and Proficiency Level on Writing Strategy Use among Iraqi High School Students. Arab World English Journal, 8 (2).
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol8no2.12

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Qusay Mahdi Mutarholds an MA in Applied Linguistics from the Department of English,
Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Vahid Nimehchisalemholds a PhD in TESL and is a senior lecturer in the Department of
English, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia. He is
chief editor of the International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies.