Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges January 2022        Pp.411- 425

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Teacher Training for Online Education in Oman: A Case Study at Two English
Language Teaching Institutions

Osman Erdem Yapar
Department of English Language and Literature
Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman
Corresponding Author::

Chinthana Sandaruwan Dayananda
English Language Centre
University of Technology and Applied Sciences
Ibra, Oman


Received: 11/23/2021             Accepted: 1/13/2022              Published: 1/24/2022


This study is a joint research project carried out in two different academic institutions in Oman during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research aims to identify the perceptions of teaching faculty and administrators on the advantages and disadvantages of online education. It also explores how the training process for online teaching occurs and what support is provided afterwards. Qualitative methodology was adopted and data were collected through semi-structured interviews from a representative sample of teaching faculty and administrators from both institutions.  Interview data were thematically analyzed using NVivo qualitative analysis software. Findings suggest that participants perceive more disadvantages of online education than the advantages demonstrating a rather negative perception. The training was decided mainly by administrators and focused on essential technical skills. Participants expressed a need for effective online pedagogical training. Short, practical sessions suitable for teachers at different skill and experience levels were suggested by the participants as well as informal peer support groups for continuous professional development after the training. There was some indication of administrative support in mainly infrastructure areas, which can be improved by employing specialist online education support staff. Further, peer support through formal committees or informally through colleagues was found to be accessible and practical. Findings from this study and the literature review can be used in other international contexts for effective provision of online education.
Keywords: English language teaching, online education, support, teacher training, Covid-19

Cite as: Yapar, O.E., &  Dayananda, C.S. (2022). Teacher Training for Online Education in Oman: A Case Study at Two English Language Teaching Institutions.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges (2) 411- 425.


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We confirm that the manuscript is our original work and a result of a joint study we conducted.

Dr. Osman Erdem Yapar and Chinthana Sandaruwan Dayananda

Received: 11/23/2021
Accepted: 1/13/2022 
Published: 1/24/2022

Dr. Osman Erdem Yapar is an experienced educationalist who has worked in the UK, Turkey, and Oman teaching English to adult learners in various higher education institutions. His research interests include online learning, teacher training, moral values education, intercultural communication, and English language teaching. He has publications in these fields, which are accessible under his ResearchGate profile. ORCID:

Chinthana Sandaruwan Dayananda is an English language educator with over a decade of experience in a variety of contexts in Sri Lanka and Oman. He holds an MA in Linguistics from Sri Lanka and a CELTA certificate. He is currently based at University of Technology & Applied Sciences, Oman. His research interests are learner autonomy, distance education, and communication skills. ORCID: