Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 9. July 2023                     Pp.105-121
Full Paper PDF

   Station Rotation with Gamification Approach to Increase Students’ Engagement in
Learning English Online

 Zhao Xiangze
Department of Science, Mathematics and Creative Multimedia Education
School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Office
Heilongjiang College of Construction
Corresponding Author:

Zaleha Abdullah
Department of Science, Mathematics and Creative Multimedia Education
School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia


Received: 03/14/2023             Accepted:06/21/2023              Published: 07/24/2023


Students in non-native English-speaking countries like China showed low engagement in English learning. To foster student engagement, educators have adopted different teaching strategies like Blended learning to improve the effectiveness of English classrooms. The station rotation model in the blended classroom has the potential to enhance students’ engagement. However, there is still a need to make learning more exciting to retain engagement, especially when the classes are conducted entirely online in a pandemic. The study aims to identify the effectiveness of the Station Rotation and a Gamification approach to improve students’ engagement in online learning English. Two research questions are involved in the study. 1) What features of the Station Rotation and a Gamification approach can be integrated into LMS to improve students’ engagement in English vocabulary learning? 2) What effect do the station rotation and gamification approach have on students’ engagement in English learning, including cognitive, emotional, and behavioural engagement? The methodology chosen is qualitative research with data triangulation using observation, self-report and interview. The findings revealed significant effects on improving students’ learning engagement in three dimensions, enhancing students’ interests, boosting motivation, and fostering engagement. The findings offered several implications and recommendations for further research and contributed to the literature by sharing practical ways to incorporate the Station Rotation and a Gamification approach.
Keywords: blended learning, gamification, station rotation, students’ engagement, English learning online

Cite as:  Xiangze, Z.& Abdullah, Z. (2023). Station Rotation with Gamification Approach to Increase Students’ Engagement in Learning English Online.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL(9)105-121.


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Received: 03/14/2023 
Accepted: 06/21/2023 
Published: 07/24/2023  

Xiangze Zhao is a doctoral student at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and a lecturer at Heilongjiang College of Construction in China. Her research interests include English teaching skills and teaching methods. ORCID:

 Zaleha Abdullah is an associate professor at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Her research interests include teaching approaches, teaching models and educational technology. ORCID: 0000-0002-4026-2174