Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number3   September 2021                                              Pp. 51-65

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 Palestinian EFL University Students’ Problems with the Reading Sections of the TOEFL
Internet-based Test and the Revised TOEFL paper-delivered Test 

Enas Abdullah Hammad
Al-Aqsa University, Gaza, Palestine


   Received:  5/23/2021              Accepted: 8/16/2021               Published:  9/24/2021


Despite Palestinian university students’ problems with the Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-based Test, no researchers approached this research area in the Palestinian English as a Foreign Language context. The present study attempted to answer a question focusing on Palestinian university students’ problems with the reading sections of the Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-based Test and the revised Test of English as a Foreign Language paper-delivered test. The participants were 65 fourth-year students studying English at Al-Aqsa University. The researcher employed four instruments: a test, a group semi-structured interview, and two individual semi-structured interviews. Results showed the students’ problems with the reading sections of the two types of tests, such as the irrelevance of the topics of the tests to the students’ content background knowledge, students’ lack of exposure to lengthy passages, students’ slow reading speed, and the students’ lack of linguistic proficiency. Additionally, the study offered many recommendations for Educational Testing Service experts and Al-Aqsa university students and instructors.
Key Words: Internet-based Test, Palestinian EFL university students, reading

Cite as:    Hammad, E. A.  (2021). Palestinian EFL University Students’ Problems with the Reading Sections of the TOEFL
Internet-based Test and the Revised TOEFL paper-delivered Test .  Arab World English Journal, 12 (3) 51-65.


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Received: 5/23/2021
Accepted: 8/16/2021  
Published: 9/24/2021

Enas Abdullah Hammad has been teaching TEFL courses at Al-Aqsa University since 2007. From 1998-2007, she worked as a teacher of English at Gaza private, governmental, and United Nations Relief and Work Agency schools. She is the winner of the 2010 Sheikh Nahayan Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship. Her research interests include EFL listening, speaking, reading, and writing. ORCid ID: