Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 1 March 2023                                             Pp.153-165

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 Goal-Setting Displayed by Vietnamese EFL Students 

Do Minh Hung
Foreign Languages Faculty
Dong Thap University, Cao Lanh City, Vietnam


Received:12/13/2022         Accepted:03/01/2023                 Published: 03/24/2023


Goal-setting behavior for learning courses displayed by college students of English as a foreign language (EFL) has yet to be substantively documented in the current literature. The present study, therefore, examined this topic to activate students’ goal-setting behavior in learning, which is deemed to increase their engagement in learning and ability to initiate action plans for goal attainment. The study results also provide pedagogical implications for teachers to tailor their teaching methods, techniques, and course contents in alignment with students’ goals. Thus, the main research questions raised in the study are what goal patterns students set for their specific learning courses and what action plans they make to meet the goals set. For data collecting instruments, an assignment template was completed by 58 EFL students from a university in Vietnam, followed by short phone conversations between the researcher and involved students for self-report validity. The analyzed data results identify three common goal-setting patterns displayed by students and confirm their ability to self-initiate action plans for set goals.
Keywords: Action plan, course, EFL students, goal-setting, template

Cite as:   Do, M. H.  (2023). Goal-Setting Displayed by Vietnamese EFL Students. Arab World English Journal,


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Received: 12/13/2022
Accepted: 03/01/2023
Published: 03/24/2023 

Dr. Do Minh Hung has been teaching English at Dong Thap University, Cao Lanh City, Dong Thap Province, Southern Vietnam, for 25 years. He holds a doctoral degree in Applied Linguistics and has published several journal articles in the areas of English instruction and English-Vietnamese translation. ORCID ID