Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number1 March 2020                                                    Pp. 44 -51

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Cognitive Presence in a Blended Learning Environment at Jordanian Universities 

Jibrel Harb
The World Islamic Sciences and Education University
Amman, Jordan

Pramela Krish
National University of Malaysia
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Bangi, Malaysia 



Cognitive presence is the ability of the learners to project their mental and perceptual presence. This paper aims to investigate cognitive presence when using a Blended Learning environment. The article also aims at exploring university students’ attitudes towards using a BL environment in language learning, since BL perception, as a computer learning environment, has become a requirement to enhance language learning. The sample for the study consists of 100 students studying the English Language Skills course at Al-Balqa Applied University (BAU) in Jordan, who responded to a questionnaire on cognitive presence issues. The findings of the study reveal that Blended Learning (BL) can create a vibrant cognitive presence, which enables to support active language learning. The results share some positive attitudes towards a cognitive presence in a BL environment. The study recommends that more research on the part of the online instructors to create and enhance cognitive presence is necessary to benefit learning English language skills.
Keywords: Blended learning, cognitive presence, Jordanian universities, negative attitudes, positive attitudes

Cite as: Harb, J., & Krish, P.  (2020). Cognitive Presence in a Blended Learning Environment at Jordanian Universities. Arab World English Journal11 (1) 44- 51.


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Dr. Jibrel Harb is an Assistant professor of Linguistics at English Language Department, Faculty
of Arts and Sciences at The World Islamic Sciences & Education University (WISE) in Jordan.
He is also the Director of Language Centre. His research interests include Semantics,
Sociolinguistics, Discourse Analysis, Translation, Morphology, Syntax, Language Learning and

Dr. Pramela Krish is an Associate professor of Applied Linguistics at the Centre of Language
Studies and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities at, Malaysia. Her research
interests include distance language learning, technology enhanced language learning and teacher
professional development.