Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number2. June 2022 Pp. 214-238
An Analytic Study of the Evaluative Resources Used in American and Iraqi Opinion
Ishraq Abdulredha Alsandeli
Department of English, College of Languages
University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rihab Abduljaleel Saeed Alattar
Department of English, College of Languages*
University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Received:1/12/2022 Accepted: 3/24/2022 Published:6/24/2022
This study investigates how American and Iraqi writers utilize the evaluative resources in newspaper opinion articles (henceforth, op-eds) from a critical discourse analysis perspective. It explores how American and Iraqi writers of op-ed pieces draw on the evaluative resources to establish their attitudes, create rhetorical effects, and serve their ideologies in influencing readers’ and addressees’ feelings and attitudes towards certain subject matters. This study hopes to enhance the critical thinking of readers of an increasingly important journalistic genre in democratic societies. The main questions this study raises are: On which categories of attitude markers do American and Iraqi op-ed writers base their evaluation? Which types of referencing external voices are the most recurrent? And why? The researcher adopts Martin and White’s (2005) appraisal theory and Van Dijk’s (2006) ideology perspective to achieve the study’s goals. After applying qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, the study finds that the significant ideological strategy of positive-self presentation and negative other-presentation significantly motivates the evaluative resources used by American and Iraqi op-ed writers. Both American and Iraqi op-ed writers use similar evaluative techniques in terms of distribution. The analysis also finds that there are variations concerning the overall frequencies and the frequencies of the sub-types of evaluative resources under examination across the corpus.
Keywords: Attitude markers, critical discourse analysis, evaluation, external voices, opinion articles
Cite as: Alsandeli, I.A., & Alattar, R. A.S. (2022). An Analytic Study of the Evaluative Resources Used in American and Iraqi Opinion Columns. Arab World English Journal, 13 (2) 214-238.
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