Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 10. Number 3 September 2019                                        Pp.271 -286
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no3.18

Abstract PDF

Full Paper PDF

 

The Use of Information Tones in Obama’s Speech: A Phono-Pragmatic Analysis

Zahrah Hussein Shitwi
Department of English, College of Education for Women
University of Baghdad
Baghdad, Iraq

Zainab Abbodi Ali
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Technology
Southern Technical University
Basrah, Iraq

  Jinan Ahmed Khalil
Department of English, College of Education for Women
University of Baghdad
Baghdad, Iraq

 

 

Abstract:
Intonation plays an important role in understanding the intended meaning of speech since neglecting the study of intonation in the discourse leads to a misunderstanding of some pragmatic meaning. This study attempts to answer these two questions: what is the pragmatic function of the information tone types that are employed in Obama’s speech concerning the termination component? and what are the pragmatic function of the proclaiming and referring tones that are employed in Obama’s speech concerning the dominance and non-dominance factor?. It aims to investigate the types of information tones in Obama’s speech concerning the termination component and dominance/non-dominance factor based on Brazil’s model (1997) of discourse intonation. This study confines itself to the American political interview and it is a qualitative study. The findings show that all the information tone types (proclaiming, referring, and level) are used in Obama’s speech and the high termination is most common level, which is used by Obama in his speech in order to emphasize the information and capture the attention of the interviewer. Generally, it was found that the dominance factor was higher than the non-dominance factor, which reflects that Obama took his status as the controller of the discourse during his speech with the interviewer and most of his speech carries contrastive information, which contradicts the interview’s expectation. This study is beneficial for foreign learners and those who are specialists in phonology and pragmatics since it can clarify the function of intonation through the interaction of participants in context.
Keywords: discourse intonation, dominance/non-dominance, pitch level, proclaiming tone, praat program, referring tone

Cite as: Shitwi, Z. H., Ali, Z. A., & Khalil, J. A. (2019). The Use of Information Tones in Obama’s Speech: A Phono-Pragmatic Analysis. Arab World English Journal10 (3) 271 -286.

  DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no3.18

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on tumblr
Tumblr
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Share on stumbleupon
StumbleUpon
Share on digg
Digg
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no3.18 
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on digg
Share on email
Share on reddit
Share on stumbleupon
Share on vk

Zahrah Hussein Shitwi: She holds a B.A. degree in English Language and Literature from the
University of Baghdad, College of Education for Women, Department of English. She is an
M.A. candidate at the University of Baghdad, College of Education for Women, Department of
English. She is a high-school teacher in the Ministry of Education. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-
5812-3546