Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Proceedings of  2ndMEC TESOL Conference   2020                        Pp.120-132

Full Paper PDF


The Effective Integration of Flipped Classroom in ELT Contexts: A Review of Recent

Maryam Haghi
Center for Foundation Studies
Middle East College, Muscat, Oman



The emergence of new technological tools has affected and changed the realm of education to a great extent which has led many language practitioners to adopt gradual innovative steps in their teaching methods. Accordingly, flipped learning has been adopted and implemented in different contexts such as ELT. The purpose of this paper is to provide information regarding the definition of flipped learning, its recent literature, its advantages and disadvantages, and to focus on how to apply this approach in English language teaching and learning contexts. The review shows that this approach meets the principles of personalized learning, constructivism, and student-centered instruction which has brought many benefits for both teachers and students and clearly shows teachers’ and students’ roles have been significantly changed comparing with traditional methods of teaching and learning. The significance of this study lies in the fact that it has brought numerous insights and implications for ELT practitioners. The paper concludes with the recommendations in the literature on promoting flipped classroom environments in ELT teaching and learning contexts, which will help ELT teachers and practitioners who are thinking of implementing new technological tools in their teaching practices.
Keywords: flipped learning and teaching; flipped classroom, advantages and disadvantages of flipped approach, implications for ELT practitioners

Cite as: Haghi, M. (2020). The Effective Integration of Flipped Classroom in ELT Contexts: A Review of Recent Literature.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Proceedings of  2nd  MEC TESOL Conference2020: 120-132


Akaslan, D. & Law, E. L. (2016). A Model for Flipping Electrical Engineering with E-learning Using a Multidimensional Approach. Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences   24 (5), 3419-3431. DOI: 10.3906/elk-1411144 

Arnold-Garza, S. (2014). The Flipped Classroom Teaching Model and its Use for Information   Literacy Instruction. Communication in Information Literacy, 8 (1), 7-22.     DOI:10.15760/comminfolk.2014.8.1.161

Aydın, B., & Demirer, V. (2016). Flipping the Drawbacks of Flipped Classroom: Effective Tools and  Recommendations. Journal of Educational and Instructional Studies in the World, 6 (1), 33-40.   Available at       flipping-drawbacks-flipped-classroom-effective-tools-and-reccomendations.pdf

Balaji, A. (2018). Flipping the Classroom in ELT Context. International Journal of Scientific Research Review 7 (1), 75-77. Available atşal, A. (2015). The Implementatıon of a Flıpped Classroom in Foreıgn Language Teachıng. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 16(4), 28-37. Available at http://tojde.

Bergmann, J., & Sams, A. (2014). Flipped Learning: Gateway to Student Engagement. British Journal      of Educational Technology, 46 (6), 28-43. Available at

Bloom, B. S. (1969). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals:  By a Committee of College and University Examiners: Handbook 1. David McKay. Boston: Addison-Wesley Longman.

Backlund, J., & Hugo, M. (2018). The Paradox of the Flipped Classroom: One Method, Many

Intentions. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 76 (4), 1-4. DOI:10.33225/PEC/18.76.451

Çetin, B. (2015). Academic Motivation and Approaches to Learning in Predicting College Students’ Academic Achievement: Findings from Turkish and US Samples. College Teaching & Learning, 12   (2), 141-150. DOI:

Hu, L. (2018). A Review of the Flipped Classroom Model. International Journal of Research, 5 (1),  3164-3172. Available at

Kerr, P. (2020). Flipped learning. Part of the Cambridge Papers in ELT series. [pdf] Cambridge:

Cambridge University Press. Available at

Koç, S. (2016). The Influence of Flipped Learning on Attitudes of Students towards Technology in the 8th Grade Math Lesson. Available at

Koch, W, Schachenreiter, J., Vogt, K., Koch, G., & Goderle, W. (2018). Teaching Technology Usage in the ENT Medical Subdomain via a Flipped Classroom Approach. AJAC, 11 (1), 31-35.    Available at

Krathwohl, D. R., & Anderson, L. W. (2010). Merlin C. Wittrock and the Revision of Bloom’s

Taxonomy. Educational Psychologist, 45(1), 64-65. DOI: 10.1080/00461520903433562

Kurt, G. (2017). Implementing the Flipped Classroom in Teacher Education: Evidence from Turkey.  Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 20(1), 211–221. Available at

Millard, E. (2012). 5 Reasons Flipped Classrooms Work: Turning Lectures into Homework to Boost Student Engagement and Increase Technology-Fueled Creativity. University Business, December, 26–29. Available at

Nederveld, A., & Berge, Z. L. (2015). Flipped Learning in the Workplace. Workplace Learning27(2), 162–172. Available at

Pérez, A., Collado, J., Salmones, M., Herrero, A., & Martín, H. (2019). An Empirical Exploration of the Perceived Effectiveness of a ‘Flipped Classroom’ in a Business Communication Course. The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 19(2), 47-65.  DOI: 10.14434/josotl.v19i1.22842

Rajesh, M. (2015). Revolution in Communication Technologies: Impact on Distance Education. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education – TOJDE, 16, (1), 62-88. Available at

Sharma, P. (2018). Flipped Classroom: A Constructivist Approach. International Journal of Research in Engineering, IT and Social Sciences, 8 (8), pp. 164-169. Available at

Raphael, A., Karoline, A., Erika, F., Claudio, S., Gilberto, S., & Joquebede, B. (2019). Flipped

Classroom: A Systematic Review of Literature. Revista ESPACIOS, 40 (23), 12-22. Available at

Sue, J., & Huo, X. (2017). A Study on the Motivational Strategies in College English Flipped

Classroom. English Language Teaching, 10, (5), 62-67. DOI: 10.5539/elt.v10n5p62

Uguten, S. D., & Balci, O. (2017). Flipped Learning. Suleyman Demirel University Institute of Social Sciences, 1 (26), 253-265. Available at

Zainuddin, Z., & Halili, S. H. (2016). Flipped Classroom Research and Trends from Different Fields of  Study. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning17(3) 313-340. Available at


Maryam Haghi is a senior lecturer in Middle East College in Muscat, Oman. She’s studied ELT
(English Language Teaching)/BA & MA. She’s been teaching in colleges and universities for
more than 17 years. She’s interested in Teacherpreunership/Professional Development in
Language Teacher Education/Self- efficacy/Learner Autonomy concepts to do research on. She’s
a CELTA-certified English lecturer from Cambridge University Press, ESOL.