Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 10. Number 4 December 2019                                    Pp.263-287
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no4.20

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 The Effect of Writing Knowledge on EFL Students’ Ability in Composing
Argumentative Essays 

Abdu Alkhalek Mohamed Rubiaee
Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Saadiyah Darus
Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Nadzrah Abu Bakar
Centre for Research in Language and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

 

 

 

Abstract:
Writing knowledge is the key requirement that students have to possess to compose a good argumentative essay. However, their unawareness affects negatively their writing ability to produce good quality essays.  This article examines second year Libyan (EFL) university students’ awareness about the types of writing knowledge used in composing an argumentative essay and how it influences their essay quality. A methodological triangulation was employed in this study. Tools for collecting data were focus-group interviews, writing tasks and observations. Thirteen undergraduate female students at Al Asmarya Islamic University, Libya participated in the study. Data was triangulated and analyzed using thematic and content analysis. The findings show that the participants had different levels of awareness about types of writing knowledge while composing an argumentative essay. Most students had novice awareness of writing knowledge.  The results also revealed that students’ novice awareness forced them to face many problems in writing an argumentative essay which in turn led them to produce very poor-quality essays.
Keywords:  Academic essay, argumentation, genre, prior knowledge, writing knowledge

Cite as:  Rubiaee, A. M., Darus, S., & Abu Bakar, N.  (2019). The Effect of Writing Knowledge on EFL Students’ Ability in Composing Argumentative Essays. Arab World English Journal10 (4) 263-287.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no4.20

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Abdu Alkhalek Mohamed Rubiaee is a lecturer at English Language Department, Al-merqib
University, Al-khoms, Libya. He earned his Master degree in linguistics from University of
Malaya, Malaysia. Now, he is a PhD candidate at the Centre for Research in Language and
Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.