Arab World English Journal ( January 2024)                       Theses ID 270                                                Pp.1-67
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/th.270

 Full Theses PDF

The Effect of Multimedia on L2 Idiom Learning: Using Instructional Humorous Videos with Saudi
Female EFL Undergraduate Learners

 Manal Ayedh Saeed Dajem
Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University
Saudi Arabia, Riyadh
Email: Manaldajem@outlook.sa

Author:  Manal Ayedh Saeed Dajem
Thesis Title: The Effect of Multimedia on L2 Idiom Learning: Using Instructional Humorous Videos with Saudi Female EFL Undergraduate Learners
Institution: Department of English Language and Literature, College of Languages and Translation, Al-Imam Muhammad
Ibn Saud Islamic University
Subject: Linguistics
Degree: M.A
Year of award:
2020
Supervisor:
Dr. Noha Al-Mansour
ORCid ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0005-7922-9653
Keywords: humorous, video, remembering, understanding, idioms, meaningful learning, experimental,
control, questionnaire

 

Abstract:
Learning formulaic language, such as idioms, is considered one of the greatest difficulties encountered by EFL learners. The aim of the present study is twofold: first, to examine the effect of using humorous videos on learners’ ability to understand and remember English idioms; second, to investigate students’ attitudes towards learning idioms through humorous videos as a multimedia instructional method. The sample of this study consisted of 50 Saudi female EFL undergraduate learners in the English department at Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Saudi Arabia. The participants were divided into two groups of 25 students; an experimental group and a control group. The data of the study was collected via three research instruments: pre-test, immediate and delayed post-tests, and an attitudinal questionnaire. A pre-test was given to both groups at the beginning of the study to ensure that they were equivalent. Proceeding this, the experimental group was instructed using humorous videos, while the control group was instructed in the traditional method. Finally, both groups underwent post-tests to measure the performance effects on two levels of idiomatic knowledge: recall and transfer. Results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the performance of the experimental group and the control group; indicating a positive effect on the experimental group’s recall and transfer. Thus, the study concludes that the use of humorous videos appears to improve learners’ ability to understand and remember English idioms, in addition to indicating that learners hold a positive attitude towards learning idioms through humorous videos as a multimedia instructional method.

Cite as:  Dajem, M.A.S. (2024). The Effect of Multimedia on L2 Idiom Learning: Using Instructional Humorous Videos with Saudi Female EFL Undergraduate Learners. Department of English Language College of Languages and Translation, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (M.A.Thesis). Retrieved from Arab World English Journal (ID Number: 270) December 2023: 1-67.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/th.270

References

Abdullah, M. N., Fook, F. S., & Lan, O. S. (2010). An evaluation of instructional videos in

EDUWEBTV: Technical qualities, pedagogical aspects, engagement and perceived impact

on learning. Malaysian Journal of Educational Technology, 10(2), 101-113. Retrieved from

https://bit.ly/2xxzRDh

Adkins, P. G. (1968). Teaching idioms and figures of speech to non-native speakers of English. The

Modern Language Journal, 52(3), 148-152. doi:10.2307/323142

Al-Seghayer, K. (2001). The effect of multimedia annotation modes on L2 vocabulary acquisition: A

comparative study. Language Learning and Technology, 5(1), 202-232. Retrieved from

https://bit.ly/3cTjHEb

Alali, F. A., & Schmitt, N. (2012), Teaching formulaic sequences: The same as or different from

teaching single words?. Tesol Journal, 3(2), 153-180. doi:10.1002/tesj.13

Alhaysony, M. H. (2017). Strategies and difficulties of understanding English idioms: A case study

of Saudi university EFL students. International Journal of English Linguistics, 7(3), 70-84.

doi: 10.5539/ijel.v7n3p70

Alqahtani, E. T. (2014). Effectiveness of using youTube on enhancing EFL students’ listening

comprehension skills (Publication No. 174) [Master’s thesis, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud

Islamic University]. Arab World English Journal Database.

Asri, A. N., & Rochmawati, D. (2017). Innovative teaching of English idiomatic expressions for

EFL learners. Journal of English Teaching Adi Buana, 2(1), 47-58. Retrieved from

http://jurnal.unipasby.ac.id/index.php/jet/article/view/714

Asschier, E. (2014). Comprehension of L2 idioms–audio-visual versus written context (Publication

No. 43) [Master’s thesis, Halmstad University]. DiVA Database.

Baddeley, A. (1999). Cognitive psychology: A modular course. Essentials of human memory.

England: Psychology Press.

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 44

Bal-Gezegin, B. (2014). An investigation of using video vs. audio for teaching vocabulary.

Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 143, 450-457. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.516

Behtash, E. Z., Saed, A., & Dehghan, Z. (2018). The effect of audio-visual vs. written contexts on

idiom learning of Iranian intermediate EFL learners. Journal of Applied Linguistics and

Language Research, 5(2), 148-155. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/2TJvbCO

Berk, R. A. (2009). Multimedia teaching with video clips: TV, movies, YouTube, and mtvU in the

college classroom. International Journal of Technology in Teaching & Learning, 5(1), 1-21.

Retrieved from https://bit.ly/3cWKtvN

Bonk, C. J. (2011). YouTube anchors and enders: The use of shared online video content as a

macrocontext for learning. Asia-Pacific Collaborative Education Journal, 7(1), 13-24.

Retrieved from http://publicationshare.com/pdfs/201103.pdf

Bortfeld, H. (2003). Comprehending idioms cross-linguistically. Experimental Psychology, 50(3),

217-230. doi: 10.1026//1617-3169.50.3.217

Bravo, E., Amante, B., Simo, P., Enache, M., & Fernandez, V. (2011). Video as a new teaching tool

to increase student motivation. In IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference

(EDUCON), 638-642. doi: 10.1109/EDUCON.2011.5773205

Brenner, G. (2011). Webster’s new world American idioms handbook. United States: Houghton

Mifflin Harcourt.

Bromley, K. D. (1984). Teaching idioms. The Reading Teacher, 38(3), 272-276. Retrieved from

www.jstor.org/stable/20198758

Brualdi, A. C. (1996). Multiple intelligences: Gardner’s theory. ERIC Digest. Retrieved from

https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED410226.pdf

Cakir, I. (2011). How do learners perceive idioms in EFL classes?. Ekev Academic Review, 15(47),

371-381. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/2IFHQAl

Carter, R. (2004). Language and creativity: The art of common talk. London: Routledge.

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 45

Chen, Y., & Lai, H. (2013). Teaching English idioms as metaphors through cognitive-oriented

methods: A case in an EFL writing class. English Language Teaching, 6(6), 13-20.

doi:10.5539/elt.v6n6p13

Chen, Z. (2006). The effects of multimedia annotations on L2 vocabulary immediate recall and

reading comprehension: A comparative study of text-picture and audio-picture annotations

under incidental and intentional learning conditions (Publication No. 2478) [Doctoral

dissertation, University of South Florida]. Scholar Commons.

Cieślicka, A. (2015). Idiom acquisition and processing by second/foreign language learners. In R.

Heredia & A. Cieślicka (Eds.), Bilingual figurative language processing (pp. 208-244).

Cambridge University Press.

Cobb, T. (2020). Compleat web vp v.2.1. The compleat lexical tutor, v.4.

https://www.lextutor.ca/vp/comp/

Cooper, T. C. (1998). Teaching idioms. Foreign Language Annals, 31(2), 255-266. Retrieved from

Cowie, A. P., Mackin, R., & McCaig, I. R. (1983). Phrase, clause & sentence idioms. New York:

Oxford University Press.

Cruse, E. (2007). Using educational video in the classroom: Theory, research and practice. Library

Video Company, 1-24. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/2W4Qssd

De Caro, E. E. (2009). The advantages and importance of learning and using idioms in English.

Cuadernos de Lingüística Hispánica (14), 121-136. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/2W7Y8tI

Denning, D. (1992). Video in theory and practice: Issues for classroom use and teacher video

evaluation. Victoria: InNATURE Productions. Retrieved from

http://www.ebiomedia.com/downloads/VidPM.pdf

Dornyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 46

Erman, B., & Warren, B. (2000). The idiom principle and the open choice principle. TextInterdisciplinary
Journal for the Study of Discourse, 20(1), 29-62.

doi:10.1515/text.1.2000.20.1.29

Fernando, C. (1996). Idioms and idiomaticity. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fingon, J. C., & Jimenez, C. (2017). Cat got your tongue? Using English idioms to boost

vocabulary development. California Reader, 51(1), 17-29. Retrieved from

http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=edslive&db=ehh&AN=125774143

Gardner, H. (2011). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. UK: Hachette.

Gibbs, R. W. (1992). What do idioms really mean?. Journal of Memory and Language, 31(4), 485-

  1. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(92)90025-S

Grant, L., & Bauer, L. (2004). Criteria for re‐defining idioms: Are we barking up the wrong tree?

Applied Linguistics, 25(1), 38-61. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/39JK3GZ

Hebsur, R. R. (1990). Measurement of the perception of English idioms at the junior and

undergraduate college levels (Publication No. 45) [Doctoral dissertation, University of

Poona]. Jayakar Knowledge Resource Centre.

Hockett, C. F. (1958). A course in modern linguistics. New York: MacmilIan.

Irujo, S. (1986). A piece of cake:/earning and teaching idioms. ELT Journal, 40(3), 236-243. doi:

10.1093/elt/40.3.236

Jonas, P. M. (2012). Successfully teaching with humorous videos: Videagogy. New Horizons for

Learning, 10(1). Retrieved from https://bit.ly/3cQNgqa

Jonas, P. M., & Bradley, D. J. (2013). Videagogy: Using humor and videos to enhance student

learning. In E. Smyth, & J. Volker (Eds.), Enhancing instruction with visual media: utilizing

video and lecture capture (pp. 138-147). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Kabooha, R., & Elyas, T. (2018). The effects of YouTube in multimedia instruction for vocabulary

learning: Perceptions of EFL students and teachers. English Language Teaching, 11(2), 72-

  1. doi: 10.5539/elt.v11n2p72

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 47

Kecskés, I., & Papp, T. (2000). Metaphorical competence in trilingual language production. English

in Europe: The acquisition of a third language (pp. 99-120). Multilingual Matters.

Lin, C., & Tseng, Y. (2012). Videos and animations for vocabulary learning: A study on difficult

words. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 11(4), 346-355.

Retrieved from http://www.tojet.net/articles/v11i4/11434.pdf

Liu, D. (2008). Idioms: Description, comprehension, acquisition, and pedagogy. New York:

Routledge.

Ljubojevic, M., Vaskovic, V., Stankovic, S., & Vaskovic, J. (2014). Using supplementary video in

multimedia instruction as a teaching tool to increase efficiency of learning and quality of

experience. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(3),

275-291. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1033049.pdf

Mahdiloo, A., & Izadpanah, S. (2017). The impact of humorous movie clips on better learning of

English language vocabulary. International Journal of Research in English Education, 2(2),

16-29. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.ijree.2.2.16

Maisa, S., & Karunakaran, T. (2013). Idioms and importance of teaching idioms to ESL students: A

study on teacher beliefs. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (AJHSS), 1(1),

110-122. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/2TXOeIt

Makkai, A. (1972). Idiom structure in English. The Hague: Mouton.

Martinez, A. (2002). Authentic materials: An overview. Karen’s Linguistic Issues. Retrieved from

Martinez, R., & Schmitt, N. (2012). A phrasal expression list. Applied Linguistics, 33(3), 299-320.

doi: 10.1093/applin/ams010

Mayer, R. E. (2009). Multimedia learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.

McPherron, P., & Randolph, P. T. (2014). Cat got your tongue? Teaching idioms to English

learners. Alexandria: TESOL International Association.

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 48

Mohamed, A., Yousef, F., Chatti, M., & Schroeder, U. (2014). Video-based learning: A critical

analysis of the research published in 2003-2013 and future visions. The Sixth International

Conference on Mobile, Hybrid, and On-line Learning, 112-119. Retrieved from

https://bit.ly/3aT7cY7

Moon, R. (1998). Fixed expressions and idioms in English: A corpus-based approach. Oxford:

Clarendon Press.

Neissari, M., Ashraf, H., & Ghorbani, M. R. (2017). Humorous videos and idiom achievement:

Some pedagogical considerations for EFL learners. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching

Research, 5(3), 109-127. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/3aHNg9Y

Noor, H., & Fallatah, M. (2010). An investigation of some difficulties in idioms encountered by

Saudi learners of English. International Journal of Arabic-English Studies (IJAES), 11, 147-

  1. Retrieved from http://www.ijaes.net/Article/FullText/11?volume=11&issue=1

O’Dell, F., & McCarthy, M. (2010). English idioms in use advanced with answers. New York:

Cambridge University Press.

Paivio, A. (1990). Mental representations: A dual coding approach (Vol. 9). New York: Oxford

University Press.

Pete Staves. (n.d). The teacher. BBC Learning English.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/language/theteacher/

Pollio, H. R., Barlow, J. M., Harold, J., &Pollio, M. R. (1977). Psychology and the poetics of

growth: Figurative language in psychology, psychotherapy, and education. Hillsdale, NJ:

Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Richards, J. C., & Rodgers, T.S. (2001). Approaches and methods in language teaching (2nd ed.).

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rodriguez, I. L. & Moreno, E. M. (2009). Teaching idiomatic expressions to learners of EFL

through a corpus based on Disney movies. Interlinguistica, 18, 240-253. Retrieved from

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/15dc/4b10189fe6d0f601d28ab9ee90aee8c72114.pdf

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 49

Rodriguez, J. K., & Winnberg, H. (2013). Teaching idiomatic expressions in language classroomsLike
the icing on the cake (Publication No. 45) [Master’s thesis, Malmo University]. Malmo University Electronic Publishing.

Saleh, N., & Zakaria, N. (2013). Investigating the difficulties faced in understanding, and strategies

used in processing, English idioms by the Libyan students. International Journal of English

Language and Translation Studies, 1(2), 69-91. Retrieved from

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.404.141&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Steinel, M. P., Hulstijn, J. H., & Steinel, W. (2007). Second language idiom learning in a pairedassociate paradigm:
Effects of direction of learning, direction of testing, idiom imageability,

and idiom transparency. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 29(3), 449-484. doi:

10.1017/S0272263107070271

Thomas, G. (2017). How to do your research project: A guide for students (3rd ed.). Los Angeles:

SAGE.

Thyab, R. A. (2016). The necessity of idiomatic expressions to English language learners.

International Journal of English and Literature, 7(7), 106-111. doi: 10.5897/IJEL2016.0895

Vasiljevic, Z. (2011). Using Conceptual Metaphors and L1 Definitions in Teaching Idioms to Nonnative
Speakers. Journal of Asia TEFL, 8(3), 135-160. Retrieved from

https://bit.ly/2QcnouY

Vasiljevic, Z. (2015). Teaching and learning idioms in L2: From theory to practice. Mextesol

Journal, 39(4), 1-24. Retrieved from

http://www.mextesol.net/journal/index.php?page=journal&id_article=1148

Wang, Z. (2015). An analysis on the use of video materials in college English teaching in China.

International Journal of English Language Teaching, 2(1), 23-28. doi:

10.5430/ijelt.v2n1p23

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 50

Wanzer, M. B., Frymier, A. B., Wojtaszczyk, A. M., & Smith, T. (2006). Appropriate and

inappropriate uses of humor by teachers. Communication Education, 55(2), 178-196. doi:

10.1080/03634520600566132

Washang, S. (2014). Boosting vocabulary retention through adding a video component to the

vocabulary building classes in English for specific purpose situations. Procedia-Social and

Behavioral Sciences, 136, 89-93. Retrieved from

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.294

Watson, J. (1998). Teaching idioms: Developing awareness of effect and appropriateness. Modern

English Teacher, 7(1), 15-19. Retrieved from

https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=3384087

White, C., Easton, P., & Anderson, C. (2000). Students’ perceived value of video in a multimedia

language course. Educational Media International, 37(3), 167-175. doi:

10.1080/09523980050184736

Wood, M. M. (1986). A definition of idiom. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Wray, A. (2000). Formulaic sequences in second language teaching: Principle and practice. Applied

Linguistics, 21(4), 463-489. doi: 10.1093/applin/21.4.463

Yorio, C. (1989). Idiomaticity as an indicator of second language proficiency. In K. Hyltenstam &

  1. Obler (Eds.), Bilingualism across the lifespan: Aspects of acquisition, maturity and loss

(pp. 55-72). Cambridge University Press.

Zyzik, E. (2011). Second language idiom learning: The effects of lexical knowledge and

pedagogical sequencing. Language Teaching Research, 15(4), 413-433. Retrieved from

https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168811412025

HUMOROUS VIDEOS IN ENGLISH IDIOM LEARNING 5

Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Tumblr
Reddit
Email
StumbleUpon
Digg
https://orcid.org/0009-0005-7922-9653
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/th.270

Manal Ayedh Saeed Dajem holds an MA in linguistics from the Department of English Language and Literature, College of Languages and Translation, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. ORCid ID: https://orcid.org/0009-0005-7922-9653