Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number1 March 2021 Pp.198-214
Full Paper PDF
The Comparison between the Process-oriented Approach and the Product-oriented
Approach in Teaching Writing
The Case of Moroccan EFL Students in Preparatory Classes for the Grandes Ecoles
Faculty of Education, Mohammed V University
Received: 12/24/2020 Accepted: 2/8/2021 Published: 3/24/2021
Writing is an important language skill, and learning to write is not an easy endeavour, especially for English as a foreign language (EFL) students. An effective EFL writing instruction, therefore, plays a significant role in helping EFL students deal with writing problems efficiently and approach writing tasks effectively. Based on this premise, the present study aims at investigating the effect of two alternative writing approaches, process and product, on Moroccan EFL students’ writing performance to find out which of these approaches is more effective. It explores process writing instruction based on Hayes’ (2012) recent model that responded to both critiques of the 1980-s original model of Flower and Hayes and to new ideas, which adds more layers to EFL writing research and instruction. To this end, the participants were divided into two groups, A and B, and they all took a writing pre-test before the treatment. For three months (two hours per week), group A students received academic argumentative writing instruction that was product-oriented, while group B students were taught academic argumentative writing based on Hayes’ (2012) process writing model. After the treatment, all participants took a writing post-test. The analysis of the collected data revealed that group B participants showed a significant improvement in their compositions compared to their group A counterparts, which provides evidence that the process-oriented approach is more effective in enhancing EFL writing than the product-oriented approach. In the light of these findings, some pedagogical recommendations were suggested.
Keywords: academic argumentative writing, EFL writing instruction, Hayes’ (2012) process
writing model, Moroccan EFL students, process-oriented approach, product-oriented approach
Cite as: Kadmiry, M. (2021). The Comparison between the Process-oriented Approach and the Product-oriented Approach in Teaching Writing:
The Case of Moroccan EFL Students in Preparatory Classes for the Grandes Ecoles Arab World English Journal, 12 (1) 198-214.
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