Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number2  June 2020                                                      Pp. 49 -58

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Syntactic Analysis of Sentence Adverbials Observed in the Victorian
Novel Jane Eyre

Eva Leláková
Department of English Language and Literature
Faculty of Humanities, University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia

Andrea Belúchová
Department of English Language and Literature
Faculty of Humanities, University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia





The sentence structure complexity and clause positioning (Staveley, 2013) represent the striking features of the writing style of the 19-th century British fiction writers. The present syntactic study brings detailed quantitative and qualitative syntactic analyses of peripheral sentence elements, sentence (stance) adverbials, occurring in the Victorian novel Jane Eyre (1847), and offers their classification into style and content disjuncts. As the latter ones are generally employed by fiction in the novels’ dialogues and main characters’ reflections (Biber, 1999), the research questions focus predominantly on their function and frequency of use. Content disjuncts help to express the possibility or the doubt of the utterance and explain the outcome of the actions and events happening in the story. The research outcomes have confirmed that content disjuncts considerably contribute to understanding the writing style of Charlotte Brontë. This phenomenon can be further studied and developed in the syntactic analyses of other remarkable 19th century novels and novelists. The research results will find their application not only in the theory and practice of syntax but also in the process of teaching/learning English as a foreign language.

Keywords: content disjuncts, Jane Eyre, literary linguistics, the language of fiction, sentence adverbials, syntactic analysis

Cite as: Leláková, E., & Belúchová, A. (2020). Syntactic Analysis of Sentence Adverbials Observed in the Victorian Novel Jane Eyre. Arab World English Journal11 (2) 49 -58.


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Dr. Eva Leláková works as a senior lecturer at the Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Humanities, University of Žilina, Slovakia. In her research she focuses on the comparative analyses of specific lexico-semantic fields, syntactic structures of literary texts, corpus linguistics and application of the results of the matrix theory in the teaching theory and practice.


Andrea Belúchová, M.A. is the graduate of the study programme: Teaching English Language and Literature in combination with Citizenship Education at the Faculty of Humanities, University of Žilina, Slovakia. In her research she deals with the analysis of syntactic structures used in the romance novels of Victorian Age. She work as a cultural translator and teacher of English.