Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 9. Number 2. June 2018                                    Pp. 315- 328
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no2.21

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Reading Comprehension Strategies among EFL Learners in Higher Learning Institutions 

Hamza Al-Jarrah
Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,
21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

Nur Salina binti Ismail
Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,
21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

 

 

 

Abstract:
A variety of reading strategies are required to comprehend reading materials. Without effective reading strategies, students mostly face reading comprehension difficulties. This study aims to investigate reading comprehension strategies among English foreign language (EFL) learners in higher learning institutions. The study employed qualitative method and 10 Arab students of Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) and Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) were interviewed.  Inductive thematic approach was used to analyze data. The findings indicates that the most commonly used reading strategies among the EFL learners are logical knowledge (under linguistic schema), formal construction (under formal schema), cultural knowledge (under cultural schema), and prior knowledge and conceptual knowledge (under content schema). This study concludes that reading strategies help the EFL learners in understanding English reading materials. To improve reading strategies for EFL learners, there is a need for collective effort of English language teachers, curriculum designers, educationists, education policy makers, and the EFL learners themselves.
Keywords: Arab EFL learners, comprehension, higher institutions, reading strategies

Cite as:  Al-Jarrah, H., & Ismail, N. S. (2018).  Reading Comprehension Strategies among EFL Learners in Higher Learning Institutions.
Arab World English Journal, 9 (2).
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no2.21

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