Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on the English Language in Ukrainian Context, November 2020     Pp.16-25
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/elt3.2

Full Paper PDF  

 

Phonetic Portrait of a Ukrainian EFL Teacher: Prosodic Parameters in Academic
Discourse
 

Olga Valigura
Department of Oriental Philology, Kyiv National Linguistic University, Ukraine

Valentyna Parashchuk
Department of English Language and ELT Methodology, Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central
Ukrainian State Pedagogical University, Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine

Liubov Kozub
Department of Foreign Languages for Mathematical Faculties, Taras Shevchenko National
University of Kyiv

Abstract:
Particular durable second language (L2) pronunciation distinctions of speakers who belong to the same first language (L1) community serve as their instant audio-identification markers, creating their typical phonetic portrait. Deviations in non-native English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher pronunciation remain a vibrant area of research due to their impact on speech intelligibility and comprehensibility, their pragmatic and emotional potential in oral verbal communication. The purpose of this contribution was to establish standard pronunciation deviations in academic speech of Ukrainian EFL teachers, thus depicting their phonetic portrait. A research methodology included acoustic and auditory analyses of pronunciation of British and Ukrainian speakers of English. The findings showed that Ukrainian EFL teachers display a set of common pronunciation distinctions: on the tonal level of the beginning and the end of the intonation group, tonal range, interval, rate and tone movement change in different parts of the intonation group, volume realization, speech rate; lack of qualitative and quantitative differences in the pronunciation of long and short monophthongs in stressed and unstressed syllables, full pronunciation of unstressed vowels. The results will find their application in EFL teacher education programs and further research of the accented speech nature.
Keywords: English academic discourse, foreign accent, non-native speech, phonetic portrait, prosody, segmental and prosodic features, teachers’ professional identity

Cite as: Valigura, O.,   Parashchuk, V., &   Kozub, L. (2020). Phonetic Portrait of a Ukrainian EFL Teacher: Prosodic Parameters in Academic Disourse. Arab World English JournalSpecial Issue on English in Ukrainian Context. 16-25.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/elt3.2

References

Archanjo, R., Barahona, M., & Finardi, K. (2019). Identity of Foreign Language Pre-service Teachers to Speakers of Other Languages: Insights from Brazil and Chile. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 21(1), 62-75.

Beijaard, D., Meijer, P. C., & Verloop, N. (2004). Reconsidering Research on Teachers’ Professional Identity. Teaching and Teacher Education, 20(2), 107-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2003.07.001

Cutler, A., Dahan, D., & Donselaar, W. van. (1997). Prosody in the Comprehension of Spoken Language: a Literature Review. Language and Speech, 40(2), 141-202.

Coulthard, M. (2004). Author Identification, Idiolect, and Linguistic Uniqueness. Applied Linguistics25(4), 431-447.

Esling, J. H., & Wong, R. F. (1983). Voice Quality Settings and the Teaching of Pronunciation. TESOL Quarterly, 17(1), 89-96.

Esling, J. H. (1994). Some Perspectives on Accent: Range of Voice Quality Variation, the Periphery, and Focusing. Pronunciation, Pedagogy, and Theory: New Views, New Directions. Edited by J. Morley. Alexandria, VA: TESOL, 49-63.

Gut, U. (2009). Non-native Speech: A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German. Peter Lang.

Hulstijn, J. H. (2012). The Construct of Language Proficiency in the Study of Bilingualism from a Cognitive Perspective. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition15(2), 422-433. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728911000678

Jing, N., & Jing, J. (2018). Teacher Talk in an EFL Classroom: A Pilot Study. Theory and Practice in Language Studies8(3), 320-324. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0803.07

Kachru, B. (1990). World Englishes and Applied Linguistics. World Englishes, 9(1), 3-20.

Laver, J. (1994). Principles of Phonetics. Cambridge University Press.

Lim, G. S. (2018). Conceptualizing and Operationalizing Second Language Speaking Assessment: Updating the Construct for a New Century. Language Assessment Quarterly15(3), 215‑218. DOI:10.1080/15434303.2018.1482493

Moyer, A. (2013). Foreign Accent: The Phenomenon of Non-native Speech. Cambridge University Press.

Murdoch, G. (1994). Language Development Provision in Teacher Training Curricula. ELT Journal48(3), 253-265.

Pennington, M. C. (1996). Phonology in English Language Teaching: An International Approach. London and New York: Longman.

Richards, J. C. (2017). Teaching English through English: Proficiency, Pedagogy, and Performance. RELC Journal48(1), 7-30. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033688217690059

Rus, C. L., Tomaa, A. R., Rebegaa, O. L., & Apostol, L. (2013). Teachers’ Professional Identity: A Content Analysis. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78, 315-319.

Saito, K. (2018). Advanced Second Language Segmental and Suprasegmental Acquisition. The Handbook of Advanced Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 282-303.

Stevick, E. (1978). Toward a Practical Philosophy of Pronunciation: Another View. TESOL Quarterly, 12(2), 145-150. DOI:10.2307/3585605

Sybing, R. (2019). Identifying Features of Dialogic Interaction in EFL Teacher Discourse: A Literature Review. Journal of Foreign Language Education and Technology4(2), 347-378.

Varghese, M., Morgan, B., Johnston, B., & Johnson, K. (2005). Theorizing Language Teacher Identity: Three Perspectives and Beyond. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 21‑44. DOI:10.1207/s15327701jlie0401_2

Volín, J., Poesová, K., & Skarnitzl, R. (2014). The Impact of Rhythmic Distortions in Speech on Personality Assessment, Research in Language12(3), 209-216. DOI:10.2478/rela-2014-0016

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on tumblr
Tumblr
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Share on stumbleupon
StumbleUpon
Share on digg
Digg
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/elt3.2
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on digg
Share on email
Share on reddit
Share on stumbleupon
Share on vk