Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 9. Number 4. December 2018                                   Pp. 347- 360
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no4.26

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Metadiscourse Markers in Master Thesis Abstracts of American and Iraqi
English Theses
 

Kawther Abdual Ameer Hussein
College of Education for Women, University of Baghdad, Iraq

 Jinan Ahmed Khalil
College of Education for Women, University of Baghdad, Iraq

 *Nawal Fadhil Abbas
College of Education for Women, University of Baghdad, Iraq
*Corresponding author

 

 

 Abstract:
The present study is intended to critically examine metadiscourse markers in 24 master thesis abstracts. Twelve of them are written by non-native Iraqi female students and the rest by native American female students. To do so, the researchers have set two aims: examining the types and subtypes of metadiscourse markers in terms of nativity and major and comparing the usages of metadiscourse markers’ types and subtypes in terms of nativity. To achieve the present aims, Hyland’s model (2005) is adopted. It aids in classifying the types and subtypes of metadiscourse markers in both data. The findings show that the Iraqi and American researchers use the interactive resources more than the interactional ones but the American researchers are capable of engaging their readers since their use of the interactional markers is higher than their counterparts. The field has no effect on the use of metadiscourse markers. There is diversity in the usage of the interactive resources in Iraqi data. Accordingly, the researchers recommend metadiscourse markers to be added to M.A courses as part of abstract writing exercise and the instructors of fourth-year college students to include metadiscourse markers in the writing of their research papers for coherence and clarity.
keywords: interactional resources, interactive resources, metadiscourse markers, the reader, the text, the writer

Cite as:   Hussein, K. A., Khalil, J. A., & Abbas, N.F. (2018). Metadiscourse Markers in Master Thesis Abstracts of American and Iraqi English Theses.
Arab World English Journal, 9 (4),347-360.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no4.26

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Nawal Fadhil Abbas got her PhD in English Language and Linguistics in 2014 from Universiti
Sains Malaysia and now she is teaching at the College of Education for Women, University of
Baghdad. Her fields of interests include but not limited to Pragmatics, Critical Discourse
Analysis, Critical Stylistics and Corpus Linguistics.