Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 10. Number 2. June 2019                                                     Pp. 270-283
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no2.21

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English Language Teaching: Historical Overview, Current Issues and Suggestions for
Enhancing Speaking Proficiency in EFL Contexts

 Yahya Ali Alghamdi
English Language Institute (ELI), King Abdulaziz University (KAU)
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Ahmed Mohammed Alghamdi
English Language Institute (ELI), King Abdulaziz University (KAU)
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

 Turki Gabr Alsolami
English Language Institute (ELI), King Abdulaziz University (KAU)
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

 

 

Abstract:
The history of English Language Teaching (ELT) and learning in English as a Second and Foreign Language (ESL and EFL) contexts has gone through different practices. The role of memorization and repetition of English language structures has always been a dominant teaching attitude. This attitude has revealed unsuccessful results in promoting speaking proficiency among English language learners when communicating in real-world situations beyond the classroom context. Therefore, it is essential to address such practices and shed light on some of the issues that hinder English Language Learners (ELLs) from effectively using English in real-world communicative situations. This review paper focuses on ELT practices that have been unsuccessful in promoting English language learners’ speaking proficiency. Additionally, it provides implications for classroom teaching instructions that integrate authentic tasks and materials. Implementing meaningful tasks that represent real-world situations could be a promising solution for enhancing ELLs’ language competencies to enable them to transfer the language they learn to real-life situations beyond school settings. Some practical suggestions and recommendations are provided to enhance ELT in EFL contexts.
Keywords: Authentic tasks and materials, communication skills, EFL, pronunciation, speaking proficiency

Cite as:  Alghamdi, Y. A., Alghamdi, A. M., &   Alsolami, T.G.  (2019) English Language Teaching: Historical Overview, Current Issues and Suggestions for Enhancing Speaking Proficiency in EFL Contexts. Arab World English Journal10 (2) 270-283.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol10no2.21

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Yahya A. Alghamdi is an Instructor in the ELI at KAU. He got his Master’s degree from
Cleveland State University in Curriculum and Instructions & Literacy Development with a
specialization in TESOL. His main interest is ISLA, L2 development, and L2 writing.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7567-4689