Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Vol.6. No.3 September 2015                                            Pp.309- 319
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol6no3.20

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Code-switching in Daily Conversations among Iraqi Students in Malaysia 


Saka Sally Sardar
School of Language Studies and Linguistics
Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia

Alsamrayee Ahmad Ali Mahdi
School of Language Studies and Linguistics
Faculty of Social Science and Humanities,  Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 

Yasin Mohamad Subakir Mohd
School of Language Studies and Linguistics
Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

 

 

Abstract:
Code switching is the process of shifting from one language to another one in the same conversation. It is a generally observed phenomenon in bilingual or multilingual speakers’ interactions. It occurs more commonly in the informal contexts where participants of the conversations are among friends, family members or acquaintances. Code-switching (CS) is common among Arabic speakers so they regularly switch codes from English to Arabic in their utterances too. Iraqi students are not an exception so they frequently use English-Arabic code switching. This paper intends to examine code switching behavior of Iraqi speakers and the types of code switching used by them. Furthermore, it seeks to explore the causes and consequences of code switching phenomenon on Iraqi students’ target language proficiency. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers conducted a case study using a survey questionnaire and audio taping a 35-minutes conversation among six Iraqi students in a Malaysian university. The findings of the study indicate that Iraqi students use various types of CS mostly to assert the group identity and as a result of lack of vocabulary in English (L2).
Keywords: code mixing in Malaysia, conversation analysis, English-Arabic code switching, Iraqi students in Malaysia, Language use in Malaysian universities

Cite as:  Sardar, S.S., Mahdi, A.A.A., & Mohd ,Y.M.S. (2015). Code-switching in Daily Conversations among Iraqi Students in Malaysia. Arab World English Journal, 8 (3).
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol6no3.20

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Mohamad Subakir Mohd Yasin, PhD is a researcher and lecturer at the School of Language
Studies and Linguistics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, where he researches and teaches in
English syntax, gender studies and language use. He has an extensive research background in
the Middle East region where he and his team of researchers have been awarded a research grant
by the Qatar Foundation in the recent years.