Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number4   December 2021                                  Pp. 118-131

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Arabic English Code Switching among Saudi Speakers

Ahmed Ibrahim Alsalami
Department of English, Faculty of Science and Arts in Qilwah
Al-Baha University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Received:  7/17/202                Accepted: 10/5/2021                           Published: 12/15/2021



Many studies have been conducted on code-switching worldwide, but few were carried out on Saudi context. Therefore, this study inquires the use of code-switching among Saudis who speak both Arabic and English to identify the reasons of code-switching and to know the significant differences regarding gender, age, qualification, and level of English. The study raises two questions. They are: 1) What are the reasons of code-switching of Saudis as native speakers of Arabic? And 2) Are there significant differences for code-switching of Saudis as native speakers of Arabic due to gender, age, qualification, and level of English? A descriptive-analytical approach has been adopted, and SPSS program is used. A questionnaire (30 items) was distributed to a sample of 426 Saudis. Findings showed that those with high-level proficiency combined Arabic and English languages more due to their awareness of English language expressions and found English vocabulary more expressive and delivered their ideas better. Moreover, working people used code-switching extensively. Furthermore, postgraduates were found to be better than others. Additionally, genders were both exposed to the same circumstances. Finally, individuals among all age groups combined both Arabic and English languages due perhaps to several reasons. Therefore, the researcher recommends that it might be better to study the significance of forming training courses to keep the interest of natives to take pride and use it in all aspects of life. Finally, the researcher suggests conducting another study on investigating code-switching among instructors in EFL classrooms and exploring code-mixing since there are few studies.
Keywords: Code-switching, English studies, Linguistics, Saudis native speakers, sociolinguistics

Cite as:  Alsalami, A. I. (2021). Arabic English Code Switching among Saudi Speakers. Arab World English Journal, 12 (4) 118-131.

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Received: 7/17/202 
Accepted: 10/5/2021
Published: 12/15/2021 

Ahmed Ibrahim Alsalami is an Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics at the department of English, Faculty of science and Arts in Qilwah, Al-Baha University in Saudi Arabia. He obtained his BA in English language from King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia, MA (Applied Linguistics) from The University of Newcastle, Australia, and his Ph.D. (Applied Linguistics) from University of Western Sydney, Australia. He is The Vice Dean for Academic Affairs, and The Head of English Language Department. His interests include EFL, ESP, SL Writing, Sociolinguistics, Discourse Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis.  ORCID ID: