Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number 4 December 2022                                   Pp. 237-250

Full paper PDF

A Systematic Literature Review on the Integration of Internet Memes in EFL/ESL

Raja Altukruni
English and Translation Department
Saudi Electronic University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Received:07/31/2022         Accepted:10/26/2022                 Published: 12/15/2022


As memes have become ubiquitous and embedded in the Internet and popular culture, a growing body of literature has investigated incorporating digital humor in the form of Internet memes as a new approach to increase learners’ motivation and engagement. This paper conducts a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) to examine the impact of humor and meme-related pedagogical activities on language learning and to provide guidelines for incorporating meme-based learning in language classrooms. It seeks to address the following question: What is the effect of meme-related pedagogical activities in EFL/ESL classrooms? The revealed findings should encourage instructors to adopt this innovative approach to meet the needs and expectations of today’s language learners. The results show that using meme-based learning in language classrooms increases learners’ motivation and interest in the topic; creates a positive, fun, interesting, and engaging learning environment; enhances retention and understanding of new concepts; and simplifies complex concepts and ideas. In light of the review’s findings, the paper suggests practical and instructional implications for implementing memes appropriately and effectively.
Keywords: EFL/ESL classrooms, humor, internet memes, systematic literature review

Cite as: Altukruni, R.  (2022). A Systematic Literature Review on the Integration of Internet Memes in EFL/ESL Classrooms.
Arab World English Journal, 13 (4) 237-250.


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Received: 07/31/2022  
Accepted: 10/26/2022  
Published: 12/15/2022 

Dr. Raja Altukruni is an assistant professor at Saudi Electronic University. She has more than 5 years of experience in teaching EFL in higher education institutions. Her ultimate goal is not only to build theory but also to produce and translate research that is directly relevant to the reality of those who teach and learn English in EFL/ESL contexts.