Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number4. December 2020                                             Pp.15-30

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A Developmental Step in the Right Direction: The Case for Concept-Based Instruction in
the Omani ESP Classroom

Amer Ahmed
Department of English Language and Literature
College of Arts and Applied Sciences
Dhofar University, Salalah, The Sultanate of Oman

Iryna Lenchuk
Department of English Language and Literature
College of Arts and Applied Sciences
Dhofar University, Salalah, The Sultanate of Oman

This article reports on the results of action research conducted in a university ESP classroom in Oman. The impetus for this research was the practitioner’s dissatisfaction with the current practice of introducing the grammatical concept of the English passive and its subsequent results. Framed within the sociocultural theory of cognitive development, this paper investigates the effectiveness of concept-based instruction (CBI). As a pedagogical approach, CBI targets a learner’s internalization of the concept of a language constituent that assists the learner with the meaning making abilities of sentences where the English passive is used. Twenty-two university students enrolled in an ESP course participated in the study. The data was collected through the teacher’s observations, students’ artifacts, and students’ feedback on the effectiveness of CBI. Data analysis reveals the effectiveness of CBI in heightening learner awareness of the concept of a language constituent, developing learner knowledge of the English passive, and improving their meaning-making abilities at the phrasal and sentential levels.
Keywords: concept-based instruction (CBI), language constituents, meaning-making abilities, sociocultural theory, Vygotsky

Cite as: Ahmed, A., & LenchukI. (2020). A Developmental Step in the Right Direction: The Case for Concept-Based Instruction in the Omani ESP Classroom.  Arab World English Journal11 (4)15 -30.


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Dr. Amer Ahmed is an Assistant Professor, Department of English Language and Literature,
Dhofar University. His research interests are in the areas of linguistic interfaces, second language
acquisition, second language pedagogy and methodology, and Arabic diglossia. He has been
teaching ESL and courses in linguistics in Canada and Oman. ORCID: