Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number2  June 2021                                              Pp.306 -317

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Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used by Thai High School Students in Science, Language,
and English Programs

Panadda Thiendathong
The Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahasarakham University,
Maha Sarakham, Thailand
Correspondent author:

Apisak Sukying
The Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahasarakham University
Maha Sarakham, Thailand

Received: 3/7/2021                 Accepted: 6/15/2021               Published:6/24/2021  

This study investigated the vocabulary learning strategies used by Thai high school students. The aim was to identify the frequency of different techniques used by high school learners studying in various programs. The main objective of this study was to compare the use of vocabulary learning strategies between multiple programs of study and examine the relationship between these different strategies. A total of 491 high school students from multiple academic disciplines participated in this study. A 47-item questionnaire of vocabulary learning strategies was given to the participants. In addition, qualitative data were collected via semi-structured interviews with 21 students to gain further information on their vocabulary learning strategy use. The interview recordings were immediately transcribed verbatim and translated from Thai into English by two experts. The results indicated that the most frequently used strategies were determination strategies, whereas memory strategies were used the least. The findings also showed that the learning context influenced the participants’ use of vocabulary learning strategies. The qualitative results further revealed the variety of vocabulary learning strategies and the degrees of strategy use. In conclusion, this study highlighted that vocabulary learning strategies are interrelated, and the strategies adopted by learners can depend on vocabulary learning conditions.
Keywords: conditions of vocabulary learning, English program, language program, science program, Vocabulary learning strategies

Cite as:  Thiendathong, P., &  Sukying, A. (2021). Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used by Thai High School Students in Science, Language,
and English Programs.  Arab World English Journal, 12 (2) 306 -317.


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Received: 3/7/2021   
Accepted: 6/15/2021 
Published: 6/24/2021    

Apisak Sukying is an assistant professor in ELT at Mahasarakham University, Thailand. Apisak completed his Ph.D. in TESOL from the University of Sydney, Australia. His research interests are L2 vocabulary acquisition and development, L2 vocabulary testing, academic writing, SLA, EAP, ESP and language learner strategies.

Panadda Thiendathong is a postgraduate student in English Language Teaching Programme at Mahasarakham University, Thailand. Panadda has been an English teacher in a high school for almost ten years. Her interests are L2 vocabulary acquisition and learning behavior.