Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 9. July 2023                     Pp.18-28

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 Using Literary Texts in Developing Intercultural Competence of Foreign English
Language Learners in Virtual Space

 Vipin K Sharma
English Language Institute, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding author:

 Kiran Kumar Kalapala
English Language Institute, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, India

Narasimha Murthy S V
Department of Languages, Presidency University, Bengaluru, India


Received: 02/11/2023                       Accepted: 5/27/2023                         Published:07/24/2024

The current study provides a broad overview of intercultural interaction in virtual reality (VR) settings made feasible by technology innovations, cultural components, and the usage of literary texts. The extensive usage of technology and social media by Generation Z molds their individuality and creates a new cultural realm. This study intends to analyze intercultural communication and language use in virtual spaces. It examines how the literary-based-cyber-culture influences, especially Generation Z. Additionally, the study delineates social media and literary texts usage to develop intercultural communication and how the students’ engagement in VR or digital space shapes their perceptions, attitudes, behavior, identities, and culture. A qualitative descriptive technique as a methodological instrument is used to collect information to compare it to other approaches and conceptualize it from the standpoints of different EFL learners. The pedagogical potential of using literary texts in the digital world offers to develop intercultural discourse, foreign language acquisition, and instruction in the context of technology-integrated educational practices in foreign language education. Finally, the study suggests educational institutions and think tanks adopt an innovative and constructive view to improve global acceptance, tolerance, and communication.
Keywords: communication, English as a foreign language, Generation Z, literature, motivation, intercultural
competence, technology-literary-EFL learning, texts, virtual or augmented reality,

Cite as:  Sharma, V. K., Kumar, K.K., Sreejana, S., & Murthy, N. S.V. (2023).  Using Literary Texts in Developing Intercultural Competence of Foreign English Language Learners in Virtual Space.   Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (9). 18-28.


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Received: 02/11/2023 
Accepted: 5/27/2023 
Published: 07/24/2024

Dr. Vipin K Sharma is a faculty at English Language Institute, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. He has contributed more than sixty articles to the journals of repute. He has authored two books and edited seven books. ORCid ID:

Dr. Kiran Kumar Kalapala is working in English Language Institute, Jazan university, Jizan, KSA for the last 10 years. He has 27+ years of experience in teaching English and soft skills to the students of various levels. He worked in Ethiopia & Eritrea and taught English to the UN personnel. He has many presentations and publications to his credit. ORCid ID:

Dr. S. Sreejana is an Assistant Professor of English at Kumaraguru College of Technology and a certified OET Interlocutor and BEC Examiner. She is an expert in English Language Teaching with publications in international journals and has received awards for her dedicated teaching. ORCid ID:

Dr. Narasimha Murthy S V (M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D.) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Languages Presidency University, Bengaluru, since 2019. He has a vast experience of teaching for 36 years in Indian and African universities. He has published more than 17 articles in various national and international journals. ORCid ID: