Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on ChatGPT, April 2024                                             Pp.90-99

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 Using Artificial Intelligence for Essay Writing

Shirley Ling Jen
Language Academy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
Corresponding author:

Abdul Rahim Salam
Language Academy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia


Received:01/29/2024         Accepted: 04/02/2024                Published: 04/24/2024

Abstract :
This study hopes to bring insights for researchers and educators in using artificial intelligence for essay writing through a systematic review on the use of AI in writing for the past 10 years.  Although Artificial Intelligence has long existed in other fields such as medicine, engineering, journalism, and forensic analysis, it has only made a great impact in the education field after the emergence of ChatGPT.  Generative Artificial Intelligence is seen as a tool that can assist teachers and students in academics such as generating ideas, evaluating essays, storytelling, and providing feedback.  It has even been considered as the co-author in students’ manuscripts and essays.  However, there are still lack of studies on the usage of Artificial Intelligence in developing students’ essay writing performance. Thus, this study hopes to enlighten researchers and educators in using Artificial Intelligence tools in improving students’ essay writing performance.  This study will provide insights for researchers and teachers on the different types of artificial intelligence tools that can be used in teaching essay writing.  It also provides areas that researchers can focus on since majority of the studies are conducted overseas and only two studies are carried out in Malaysia so far.  Hopefully, this study will provide useful information for language teachers in using artificial intelligence tools in teaching essay writing to students.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, systematic literature review, technology in education, essay writing,
ChatGPT, student-centred activities

Cite as: Jen, S. L., & Salam, A. R. (2024). Using Artificial Intelligence for Essay Writing.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ)
Special Issue on ChatGPT, April 2024: 90-99. DOI:    


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Received: 01/29/2024
Accepted: 04/02/2024  
Published: 04/24/2024   

Shirley Ling Jen has a Master of Education in TESL and currently pursuing her PhD for TESL in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor.  She has won several Gold Awards in international innovation competitions throughout the years. Her innovation projects have been published in journals, proceedings and local educational platforms.


Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Rahim Salam has held several positions from the Head of Digital Language Lab, IT Manager, Facility Manager to Deputy Dean of Academic and Student Affairs. He was also the Head of Research Group for Technology in Language Learning. ORCID: