Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 3 September 2023                               Pp.255-275

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Through the Lens of EFL Teachers: Teaching Online on Lockdown

Hatice Çeşme
The Department of English Language Teaching
Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkiye
Corresponding Author:

Birgül Akdağ Çimen
The Department of Recreation Management
Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkiye

Received:06/10/2023         Accepted:08/26/2023                 Published: 09/24/2023


There has been a growing interest in online EFL teaching studies after the COVID-19 outbreak. However, the majority of the studies have centered around students’ perspectives. The studies examining the issue from EFL teachers’ perspectives, on the other hand, are relatively scarce. Therefore, this study qualitatively investigated EFL teachers’ perceptions and experience in this critical process to bridge the gap in the literature. For the study, the data were collected through written semi-structured interviews with 25 EFL teachers in Turkey. Five themes with several categories emerged based on the thematic analysis  of the data with MAXQDA 2020 package program. The teachers commonly focused on the challenges of emergency online teaching and suggested potential solutions. The primary stemmed from the poor communication between teachers and students due to low engagement levels and technology-related issues. The teachers also struggled to find proper online EFL teaching materials since they had no or little experience in online education and did not know how find teaching resources. They suggested providing EFL teachers with workshop opportunities to learn how to tackle technology-related problems and improve their online material developing skills.  This study may extend the relevant literature by providing a deeper insight into EFL teachers’ practices and recommendations for practitioners of online teaching.
Keywords: Covid-19 outbreak, EFL teachers, emergency online education, online EFL teaching

Cite as: Çeşme, H. & Çimen, B.A. (2023). Through the Lens of EFL Teachers: Teaching Online on Lockdown.
Arab World English Journal, 14 (3) 255-275. .


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Received: 06/10/2023
Accepted: 08/26/2023 
Published: 09/24/2023    

Hatice Çeşme currently teaches English in the Department of ELT at Atatürk University. She has a Master’s and a Doctorate in ELT. Her research interests include English academic writing, language teaching/learning,  ORCHID:

Birgül Akdağ majored in ELT and received the Ph.D. degree in ELT from Atatürk University in 2017. She started teaching English at Atatürk University in 2011 as an English lecturer and currently works as an assistant professor in Tourism Faculty, Ataturk University. She is interested in searching language teaching/learning. ORCHID: