Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 6. July 2020                              Pp.49-66

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 The Use of Edutainment in Promoting Higher Order Thinking Skills in ESL Writing
among Malaysian University Students


Siti Hamin Stapa
Language Studies and Linguistics Research Centre,
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
Selangor, Malaysia

Nur Izzati Ibaharim
English Department, School of Business
Malaysia University of Science & Technology
Selangor, Malaysia




The aim of this article is to investigate the perceptions of university students on the use of edutainment in promoting Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in English as a second language (ESL) writing. 20 diploma students from Malaysia University of Science & Technology (MUST) participated in this study. This study adopts quantitative research design where a set of questionnaires was distributed to the students. Before answering the questionnaire, the students went through a treatment using edutainment. They had to play an online game downloaded from Play Store. They spent 13 weeks playing the game. At the end of the treatment, they had to sit for the post test. Then they were asked to complete the questionnaire. This study is in bringing positive impact to the society starting from the ministry to the students regarding the importance of the edutainment implementation in classroom teaching. The findings reveal that the students perceived that Edutainment has affected the stimulation of higher order thinking skills in their writing. This suggests that edutainment should be incorporated in the teaching and learning English.
Keywords: Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL), Edutainment, ESL writing, Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS), Malaysian students, mobile game

Cite as.  Stapa, S.H. , & Ibaharim, N.S. (2020). The Use of Edutainment in Promoting Higher Order Thinking Skills in ESL Writing among Malaysian University Students. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (6). 49-66


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Siti Hamin Stapa is a Professor of Applied Linguistics from the Language Studies and Linguistics
Research Centre, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Her expertise is in second language writing. She has conducted research and published on the
teaching and learning L2 writing. She is also active in community-based research and currently
involved in projects to create awareness on the effects on climate change among primary school
children in Malaysia.
Nur Izzati Ibaharim is an English lecturer at Malaysia University of Science & Technology
(MUST). She had been teaching undergraduate students while completing her master’s degree at
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia from 2017 to 2019 before graduated and joined MUST as a fulltime lecturer. She also went to Vietnam to teach Pre-Intermediate English course for one semester
at Nam Can Tho University in Can Tho, Vietnam.