Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 4 December 2023             Pp.233-251

 Full Paper PDF

The Students’ Perception towards the Use of Icebreakers, Warmers, and Energizers in
EFL Classrooms: A Tertiary Study

 Soran Mustafa Kurdi
 English Language Teaching Department, Faculty of Education, Tishk International University,
Erbil, Iraq
Corresponding Author:

Reman Sabah Meena
English Language Teaching Department, Faculty of Education, Tishk International University,
Erbil, Iraq


Received:08/06/2023         Accepted:11/21/2023                 Published:12/15/2023

This study examines first-year students’ perceptions in the English Language Teaching Department at Tishk International University regarding using icebreakers, warmers, and energizers in the classroom. The research aims to assess the effectiveness of these activities in enhancing student engagement and participation, as well as their impact on the overall learning experience. The study contributes valuable insights into the practical applicability of these techniques in an educational setting. Additionally, the positive perceptions of the students underscore the potential of these activities in establishing a favorable and comfortable learning environment. Data were collected through surveys and interviews, employing both quantitative and qualitative methods. For the quantitative aspect, 32 participants (10 males & 22 females) were surveyed, while the qualitative segment involved interviews with 10 students (five males & five females) at Tishk International University. The study’s results indicate that the overwhelming majority of students hold a positive perception of the use of these activities. They view them as beneficial for creating a relaxed and comfortable learning atmosphere, fostering interaction and collaboration among classmates, and boosting motivation and interest in the language. The study suggests that incorporating these activities into EFL classrooms can significantly enhance the overall student learning experience and contribute to a more dynamic and interactive classroom environment. The findings are consistent with existing literature in the field.
Keywords: Classroom engagement, English as a Foreign Language, Energizers, Icebreakers, Warmers 

Cite as: Kurdi, S. M., & Meena, R. S. (2023). The Students’ Perception towards the Use of Icebreakers, Warmers, and Energizers in EFL Classrooms: A Tertiary Study.  Arab World English Journal, 14 (4): 233-251.


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Received: 08/06/2023
Accepted: 11/21/2023
Published: 12/15/2023    

Soran Mustafa Kurdi is an Assistant Lecturer at Tishk International University. He is currently a Ph.D. student at Soran University, pursuing a degree in English literature. He earned his M.A. degree in English from Weber State University. He is also the VESAL Conference Secretary at Tishk International University. His research interests include ELT, translation, and literature.

Reman Sabah Meena is an Assistant Lecturer at Tishk International University. He holds an M.A. in ELT from Tishk International University. He currently serves as the Program Coordinator for the Foundation Year of the Faculty of Education. His research interests include ELT, TESOL, and Educational Management and Leadership.