Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 9. Number 4. December 2018                                           Pp. 39 -55
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no4.3

 Abstract PDF

Full Paper PDF

The Speech Act of Complimenting as Part of the Ukrainian, Russian and English-
Speaking Communities: Ukraine and the USA
  

Anzhelika Solodka
Department of German Philology and Translation, Faculty of Foreign Languages
V.O. Sukhomlynsky National University of Mykolaiv
Ukraine

 Luis Perea
United States Department of State
USA

 

 

 Abstract : 

Compliments as speech acts have the reflection and expression of cultural values. Many of the values reflected through compliments are personal appearance, new acquisitions, possessions, talents and skills. It is especially important in linguistic interaction between people. This research aims to analyze the speech acts of complimenting in Ukrainian and American cultures in order to use them for teaching pragmatics second language (L2) students. Defining the ways of complimenting in Ukrainian, Russian and American English help to avoid misunderstandings and pragmatic failures. This study uses a method of ethnomethodology. Speach acts are studied in their natural contexts. To carry out this research native speakers of English in the United States and native speakers of Russian and Ukrainian from all over Ukraine were interviewed on-line. The analysis was made on the data that included: 445 Russian, 231 Ukrainian and 245 English compliments. Results of this study show how native speakers tend to compliment people: syntactical structure of expressions, cultural lexicon, attributes praised and language context. It has implications for teaching English to Ukrainians and for teaching Russian and Ukrainian to speakers of English. Knowing how to use speech acts allows the speaker to have pragmatic competence. Upon completion of the data analysis on the current study, further information on deeper analysis in terms of semantics and metaphorical language can be provided.
Keywords: compliments, pragmatic competence of second language students, pragmatic failure, speech act, structure of compliments

Cite as: Solodka, A., &  Perea, L.  (2018). The Speech Act of Complimenting as Part of the Ukrainian, Russian and English-Speaking Communities: Ukraine and the USA. Arab World English Journal, 9 (4), 39-55.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no4.3

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on tumblr
Tumblr
Share on reddit
Reddit
Share on email
Email
Share on stumbleupon
StumbleUpon
Share on digg
Digg
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no4.3
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on tumblr
Share on digg
Share on email
Share on reddit
Share on stumbleupon
Share on vk

Anzhelika Solodka, Doctor of Science (Education), Professor of Department of German
Philology and Translation at V.O. Sukhomlynsky National University of Mykolaiv, Ukraine. Her
main areas of interest include Cross-cultural Communication, Applied Linguistics and Translation.
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1703-7996