Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number2 June 2021                                                  Pp. 424-435
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no2.29

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The Principles of Economy in Word-Formation in Functional Styles of English

Saurbayev Rishat Zhurkenovich
Foreign Philology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Sultanmakhmut Toraighrov University, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan   

Zhetpisbay Aliya Kozhamuratkyzy
Pavlodar pedagogical university, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan
Higher School of Humanities  

Demessinova Galina Khatipovna
 Foreign Philology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Sultanmakhmut Toraighrov University, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan  

Kulbayeva Baglan Tasbulatovna
Pavlodar pedagogical university, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan
Higher School of Humanities  

Vafeev Ravil Aisovich
Foreign Philology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Sultanmakhmut Toraighrov University, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan

 Received: 3/24/2021                  Accepted: 6/2/2021                   Published: 6/24/2021

 

Abstract:
The article is devoted to studying the principles of the language economy of modern English word-forming. The most productive ways of word-formation are highlighted, illustrating the tendency of the language to compress nominative units. In the system of English word-formation, the most effective ways to save speech are affixal word formation, word composition, and conversion. Due to the considerable potential of these methods of word formation, the vocabulary of the English language has such qualities as the richness of vocabulary, functionality, and economy. The main aim of the study is to consider the principles of word-formation in the modern English language through word-forming models represented by the concepts of length and depth of the generating word. The authors of the article explore the mechanism of the principle of the economy through the consideration of the ideas of “mental energy”, “word-forming energy”, and “pronouncing energy”. There are issues that attempt to answer; how does the principle of economy work in the English language – its word formation? What are the significant models of word formation in modern English? The findings indicate that there are active processes in the word-formation of the English language, which can cause the formation of new words without changing the length and depth of the generating term expanding the possibilities of word composition and conversion.
Keywords: abbreviation, acronyms, economy, English language, functional styles, mental energy, morpheme, phoneme, principle,
pronouncing energy, speech economy, word-formation, word-forming energy

Cite as:   Zhurkenovich, S. R., Kozhamuratkyzy, Z. A., Khatipovna, D. G., Tasbulatovna, K. B., & Aisovich, V. R. (2021).
The Principles of Economy in Word-Formation in Functional Styles of English  .
Arab World English Journal, 12 (2) 424-435.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no2.29

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Received: 3/24/2021  
Accepted: 6/2/2021
Published: 6/24/2021   
https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol12no2.29 
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Rishat Zhurkenovich Saurbayev, a Ph.D., is a professor of the Foreign Philology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Sultanmakhmut Toraighrov University, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan. The author has 200national and international publications. His scientific interests lie in comparative and contrastive linguistics, social linguistics, semantics.
ORCID iD https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1419-7361

Zhetpisbay Aliya Kozhamuratkyzy, a Ph.D., is an assistant professor of the Higher School of Humanities of Pavlodar Pedagogical University. She defended her doctoral dissertation on the topic “Syntactic combination and structural models of verbal phrases” (2010). The author has 40 publications. Her research interests include syntax, comparative and contrastive linguistics.
ORCID : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3126-5242

Demessinova Galina Khatipovna, a Ph.D., is an assistant professor of Foreign Philology Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Sultanmakhmut Toraighrov University, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan.  She published 85 papers in national and international scientific journals. Her research interests include typological and comparative linguistics, translation studies.

Kulbayeva Baglan Tasbulatovna a Ph.D. is an assistant professor of the Higher School of Humanities of Pavlodar Pedagogical University. The author published about 60 papers. Her scientific interests include pragmalinguistics, sociolinguistics, general linguistics, issues of the development of multilingualism.

Ravil Aysavich Vafeev a Doctor of Philology, Professor of the Department of Foreign Philology of Pavlodar Toraighrov University. He made a significant contribution to the study of bilingualism in Russia and CIS countries. His research interests include the following: sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, methodology, problems of bilingualism and multilingualism. He has 312 published scientific papers, including articles, monographs, textbooks and teaching aids. Under his scientific supervision, 21 doctoral dissertations defended.