Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 12. Number2 June 2021                                                 Pp. 364-376

 Full Paper PDF 

The Interaction of Possible Worlds through the Prism of Cognitive Narratology 

Oksana Babelyuk
Department of Foreign Languages and Translation Studies
Institute of Psychology and Social Protection
Lviv State University of Life Safety, Lviv, Ukraine 

Olena Koliasa
Department of Germanic Languages and Translation Studies, Institute of Foreign Languages
Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University, Drohobych, Ukraine
Correspondence Author:

Lidiia Matsevko-Bekerska
Department of World Litarature, Faculty of Foreign Languages
Lviv Ivan Franko National University, Lviv, Ukraine

Olena Matuzkova
Department of Theory and Practice of Translation
Odesa Ivan Mechnicov National University, Odesa, Ukraine

Nina Pavlenko
Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Law and International Relations,
Kyiv Borys Hrinchenko University, Kyiv, Ukraine

Received: 1/5/2021                    Accepted: 5/21/2021                  Published: 6/24/2021


The article deals with the analysis of literary narrative where a possible unreal fictional world and a possible real fictional world usually coexist. When the norms of life plausibility are consciously violated, the real and the unreal possible worlds are emphatically opposed. Hence, their certain aspects are depicted in a fantastically exaggerated form. The interaction of possible worlds in a literary narrative destroys the stereotypes of the reader’s perception. It can occur in different planes: structural (a shift of plot elements of the story, transformation, unusual, sharp turns of the borrowed plot, violations of a plotline); fictional (a combination of real and fantastic features in one image); temporal (violations of the chronological flow of time, a shift of time flow); spatial (expansion or contraction of space, magical spatial formations, displacements, deformations). By their nature, the interaction of different possible worlds can be continuous, partial, and fragmentary; resulting from their boundaries may overlap or be violated (entirely or partially). The continuous interaction of different possible worlds, destruction of their borders, although they do not disappear completely, make them largely blurred, interpenetrating each other. In the case of partial interaction of possible worlds, their boundaries intersect. In the case of fragmentary interaction of possible worlds, their common points are slightly visible, for example, only the borrowed title of a literary work or a character’s name, or a fantastic concrete event or a place of the event.
Keywords: cognitive, interaction, narratology, narrator, possible worlds, types

Cite as: Babelyuk, O., Koliasa, O. , Matsevko-Bekerska, L., Matuzkova, O. &  Pavlenko, N. (2021). The Interaction of Possible Worlds
through the Prism of Cognitive Narratology.  Arab World English Journal, 12 (2) 364-376.


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Received: 1/5/2021    
Accepted: 5/21/2021
Published: 6/24/2021 

Oksana Babelyuk, Doctor of Philology of Lviv State University of Life Safety. The research interests include Linguopoetics, Stylistics, Cognitive Poetics, Text Interpretation, Postmodern poetics, Contemporary American literarure (the short story genre). She is the Chief Editor of the scientific journal “Lviv Philology Journal” in Lviv State University of Life Safety.

Olena Koliasa, PhD (Philology), Associate Professor of Drohobych Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University. Now is currently working on problems of Cognitive Linguistics and Postmodern Poetics, Stylistics, Text Interpretation.

Lidiia Matsevko-Bekerska, Doctor of Philology, Lviv Ivan Franko National University, Ukraine. Lviv. Habilitation in philology, specialization: Theory of literature,  Ukrainian literanure, doctor of Theory of literature, Ukrainian literanure. Research topics: theory of literature (hermeneutics, receptive poetics, and narratology), modern methods of teaching literature at higher educational institutions.

Olena Matuzkova, Doctor of Philology, Odesa Ivan Mechnicov National University, the Head of Department of Theory and Practice of Translation. The research interests include linguocultures, identity, British Histiry and Linguoculture, Translation Studies.

Nina Pavlenko, PhD (Philology), Borys Hrinchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv, Ukraine. The research interests include gender studies,
cognitive linguistics.