Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number1.  March 2022                                  Pp. 342 -351

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The Impact of Raising Awareness of Arabic and English Word Order Differences on
Arabs’ English Use

Shahinaz Abdullah Bukhari
English Language Institute
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Received: 11/16/2021                Accepted:2/2/2022                            Published:3/24/2022


English is a language with a rigid word order, whereas Arabic is more flexible. Canonical English word order is often a challenge for users whose first language is flexible. This study explores how Arabic learners transfer their knowledge of Arabic word order styles into the English language, and it compares Arabic learners’ use of English word order before and after raising learners’ awareness of Arabic and English word order differences. The significance of this study is manifested in its employment of both Error Analysis and Contrastive Analysis to determine priorities for efforts. The study employed an action research design to investigate the impact of adapting Galperin’s teaching model alongside explicit teaching of differences in Arabic and English word order. Four Arabic English language teachers and 142 Saudi students participated in the present study. The participating students were taking a beginning-level English course at a Saudi university. Through mixed-method approaches, the findings of the pretest and posttest showed that some learners used their knowledge and experience of Arabic standard and slang word order to compose sentences in English. This study concludes that the intervention helps Arabic learners avoid committing word order errors, as the posttest scores are better than the pretest scores at a statistically significant level.
Keywords: awareness, contrastive analysis, error analysis, interference errors, teaching word order, typological differences

Cite as:   Bukhari, S. A.  (2022). The Impact of Raising Awareness of Arabic and English Word Order Differences on Arabs’ English Use. Arab World English Journal, 13 (1) 342 -351.


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Received: 11/16/2021 
Accepted: 2/2/2022   
Published: 3/24/2022  

Dr. Shahinaz Bukhari is an Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. She received her BA in English from Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. She holds an EMBA (Executive Master of Business Administration) from King Abdulaziz University and PhD integrated with master courses in Applied Linguistics from University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom. Dr. Shahinaz’s research interests include Global Englishes, World Englishes, English as a lingua franca, transcultural communication, and ELF pedagogy. ORCID ID: