Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 9. Number 3. September 2018                                   Pp. 367-380
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no3.24

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 The Effects of L1 and L2 Hypertext Glosses on Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary
Retention among Thai Secondary School Students

 

 Poowadol Kongtawee
Language Institute
Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand

 Pattama Sappapan
Language Institute
Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand

 

 

Abstract:
This study investigates the effects of first language (L1) and second language (L2) hypertext glosses on reading comprehension (RC), immediate vocabulary recognition (IVR), and delayed vocabulary retention (DVR). A group of 83 secondary school low-achieving students (10th grade) were assigned to read glossed texts, L1 and L2 hypertext glosses. This study may help teachers create glossed texts to improve students’ incidental vocabulary learning and it can contribute to the raising of students’ attitudes towards learning English with encouraging and interesting vocabulary learning conditions. A repeated measure t-test design (without control group) was employed. The results indicated that the effects between the L1 and L2 glosses were significantly different. The paired sample t-test revealed that the L1 gloss scores were significantly higher than the L2 gloss scores regarding RC (p = .014), IVR (p = .000) and DVR (p = .000). The pedagogical implications suggest that reading with the assistance of glosses can be successfully integrated into a real classroom setting to improve low-achieving students’ vocabulary knowledge in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) context. It is recommended that future studies use L1 written story retelling/recall techniques to collect the reading comprehension and vocabulary retention data as choices offer random guesses to the participants.
Keywords: hypertext gloss, incidental vocabulary learning, reading comprehension, Thai secondary school students, vocabulary retention

Cite as: Kongtawee, P. ,& Sappapan , P. (2018).  The Effects of L1 and L2 Hypertext Glosses on Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Retention among Thai Secondary School Students.
Arab World English Journal, 9 (3), 367-380.
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no3.24

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https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol9no3.24

Poowadol Kongtawee is a full-time lecturer at King Mongkut’s University of Technology North
Bangkok, Thailand. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate at Language Institute of Thammasat
University majoring in English Language Teaching. His research interests include language
learning, vocabulary acquisition, and reading strategies. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9090-6436