Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 6. July 2020                       Pp. 290-301

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 The Effect of Using Conjunction as Cohesive Device on the Undergraduates’ Quality of
Writing in Argumentative Essays of Jordanian EFL Learners


Rawhi Yousef Salman Al Shamalat
Department of English,, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication
Universiti Putra Malaysia,  Malaysia

  Che An Binti Abdul Ghani
Department of English,, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication
Universiti Putra Malaysia,  Malaysia



The goal of this research was to investigate the effect of use conjunctions on the overall quality of argumentative writing of Jordanian English as foreign language (EFL) learners. This mixed-method research included sixty (n=60) undergraduate students at the Department. of English Language and Literature at Mu’tah University in Jordan. The participants of the research were selected using purposive sampling method. The data of the research were collected using written essays and interviews. The data was analyzed using SPSS. The data was collected using analytical scale Jacob et al., (1981) to measure the quality of argumentative essays. The result of this research showed that there was a weak negative but irrelevant correlation between writing quality and the frequency of conjunctions as cohesive devices. This correlation indicates that the frequent and general use of devices in the writing of Jordanian students did not contribute to the quality of the writing under any conditions. Also the finding revealed that there is an extremely negative but irrelevant correlation between the use of conjunctions devices by Jordanian EFL students and their writing quality. Therefore, the correlation was negative and insignificant for Jordanian EFL students. More specifically, the result shows that the frequencies of conjunctions were not found as an indicator of good writing quality for Jordanian EFL students. This research is significant for providing a considerable number of pedagogical implications for further research that will offer great contribution to the field of teaching writing in EFL setting in Jordan in particular and English as second language (ESL) context in general. Moreover, the research has shown a better understanding of cohesive devices / conjunctions by Jordanian EFL students at Mu’tah University.
Keywords:  Argumentative essays, conjunction, cohesive device, English as a foreign language, Jordanian undergraduate

Cite as: Al Shamalatm R.Y.S. & Ghani, C. A. B.A . (2020). The Effect of Using Conjunction as Cohesive Device on the Undergraduates’ Quality of Writing in Argumentative Essays of Jordanian EFL Learners. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (6). 290-301. DOI:


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Rawhi Alshamalat is PhD candidate at Universiti Putra Malaysia. He holds a M.A in linguistics
from The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda Baroda /India and a lecturer at University of
Tabuk in Saudi Arabia. His research interest includes fields in language linguistics. ORCID ID:

Dr. Che An Binti Abdul Ghani is affiliated to the Department of English, Universiti Putra
Malaysia, where she is currently working as Senior Lecturer. She has numerous publications
within the specialty and published in reputed national and international peer-reviewed journals.
She is actively associated with different national and international societies and academies. Dr.
Che An Binti Abdul Ghani is been appreciated by several reputed awards and funding support.
Her primary research interest is in studies related to English Studies, Translation, Academic and
Professional Writing. Language in Contexts, Children Writing. ORCID ID: