Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number2  June 2020                                                       Pp.323-338

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The Application of Visual Vocabulary for ESL Students’ Vocabulary Learning 

Mohd Haniff Mohd Tahir
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Intan Safinas Mohd Ariff Albakri
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI), Perak, Malaysia

Airil Haimi Mohd Adnan
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Mohamad Syafiq Ya Shaq
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Dianna Suzieanna Mohamad Shah
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia



Vocabulary is often neglected despite being one of the most crucial aspects of language acquisition. Due to the lack of emphasis on vocabulary learning, ESL students have issues in learning the English language effectively, which resulted in low-level language proficiency. Hence, this paper attempts to address this problem by introducing Visual Vocabulary to learn the target words. The main research question: How effective is the use of the Visual Vocabulary to learn vocabulary for Form Two learners? To investigate the effectiveness of the use of the Visual Vocabulary, 60 students of Form Two from sub-urban schools in Ipoh and Teluk Intan, Perak, were selected. These students were instructed to learn a total of 45 target words and Visual Vocabulary was applied to assist them to learn and simultaneously understand the meaning of the target words. The independent sample t-test, paired sample t-test, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the scores of the pre and post-tests. The score comparison and total improvement score in percentage were also presented. The paired sample t-test results are (t=-17.85, df=29, p<.05) for the experimental group and (t=-4.85, df=29, p<.05) for the control group. Based on the stated results, both experimental and control groups improved significantly (p=.000*) in the post-test with a mean difference of 15.62. The results of this study confirm the effectiveness of Visual Vocabulary in learning and understanding the target words. This approach is proven to increase the success rate of vocabulary learning among ESL learners.
Keywords: Visual Vocabulary, vocabulary learning, ESL students

Cite as Tahir, M. H. M.,  Albakri, I. S. M. A., Adnan, A. H. M., Shaq, M. S. Y.&  Shah, D. S. M. (2020). The Application of Visual Vocabulary for ESL Students’ Vocabulary Learning. Arab World English Journal11 (2) 323-338 .



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Mohd Haniff Mohd Tahir, PhD, is a Lecturer and internationally recognize researcher of the
Academy of Language Studies (APB), UiTM Perak. His focus area includes materials design and
development, interactive language teaching curriculum design, and language assessment related
to ESL classroom. Currently, he is exploring emerging ideas and concepts for vocabulary learning.

Intan Safinas Mohd Ariff Albakri, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor of the
Faculty of Languages and Communication, UPSI. Her research interest includes second language
acquisition, applied linguistics, materials development and mentoring teachers.
Airil Haimi Mohd Adnan, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer and internationally recognized researcher of
the Academy of Language Studies (APB), UiTM Perak. His focus areas include languages-in-use
and educational technologies.

Mohamad Syafiq Ya Shaq, is a member of the Academy of Language Studies, UiTM Perak. He
holds a Master of Education (TESL) and currently pursuing his PhD in Education (TESL).
Dianna Suzieanna Mohamad Shah, is a member of the Academy of Language Studies, UiTM
Perak. She has a Master of Education (TESL) and currently pursuing her PhD in Education