Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number1 March 2022                                           Pp.72-86

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Teachers’ English Level Proficiency: Do Students Perceive It as a Threat or a Chance? 

Department of English and Education
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

Dwi Poedjiastutie
Department of English and Education
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia
Corresponding email:

 Chandra Giat Prabowo
Postgraduates Program, Department of English and Education
University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia


Received: 11/2/2021                              Accepted:2/2/2022                               Published:3/24/2022

This study examines students’ expectations regarding teachers’ English proficiency level at Muhammadiyah Malang University (UMM), Indonesia. The concepts of proficiency are various among scholars and educators. Scholars vary in their concepts of proficiency; they also have multiple dimensions and methods when assessing teachers’ proficiency. However, students are rarely asked about their expectations of teachers’ English Proficiency level due to their supposed incapability and irrelevance in assessing the tutors. This study utilized an interpretive approach that explained the subjective reasons and meanings underlying social actions and viewed the world from specific individuals’ standpoints and experiences. Focus group discussion (FGD), and an open-ended questionnaire to gather the data, was employed. The FGD led to rich data because participants interacted at the same time about the topic being raised. The second-year students of the English Department at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) were invited to participate. Regarding the teachers’ proficiency, students’ expectations fell into three parts. Firstly, teachers were expected to use mixed languages as the classroom language of instruction. Secondly, students expected teachers to possess sufficient level of English proficiency since this will potentially help students to have a better level of communication. Third, students are expected to have both native-speaking teachers and local teachers as a model of their communication. This study implicates teachers with high English proficiency are supposed to be vigilant to apply it across different settings and situations. This behavior hopefully leads to the felicitous decision of the classroom communication types.
Keywords: EFL Indonesia, English proficiency, student expectations, tertiary level

Cite as: Masduki, M., Poedjiastutie, D., & Prabowo, C. G.  (2022). Teachers’ English Level Proficiency: Do Students
Perceive It as a Threat or a Chance? Arab World English Journal, 13 (1) 72-86.


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Received: 11/2/2021  
Accepted: 2/2/2022
Published: 3/24/2022 

Dr. Masduki is an assistant Professor at the English Language Education Department, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. He holds bot Master and Doctoral Degree at the State University of Malang, Indonesia. He wrote handbooks of English for Specific Purposes for the tertiary level. The ESP books are used nationwide. ORCiD ID: 0002- 2839- 2304

Dr. Dwi Poedjiastutie is a Professor at English Language Education Department, University Muhammadiyah Malang Indonesia. She holds both a Master from Deakin University of Australia and a Ph.D. Degree from the Curtin University of Australia. ORCiD ID: 0000 0002 6404 7719

Chandra Giat Prabowo is a student at English Language Education Department Master Degree, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. His research interest focuses on the communication aspect of the English language.