Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 2 June 2023                                             Pp. 30-47

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Strategy Use, Cultural Intelligence, and English Language Proficiency of Undergraduate
Saudi Students

May A. Abumelha
Department of English Language, College of Language Sciences
King Saud University. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Received:0/14/2023           Accepted:06/06/2023                 Published: 06/24/2023


The study attempted to explore Saudi English learners’ second language proficiency and how it is possibly related to language learning strategies and cultural intelligence. Research questions addressed the variables of language proficiency, cultural intelligence, strategy use, gender, and educational school background. It is hoped that more insights into the interplay between these factors and successful language learning will benefit language learners, teachers, and policymakers. The study collected data from 180 Saudifirst-year undergraduates majoring in English. The data was analyzed using inferential statistics to investigate the relationship among the study variables. The results revealed that the study participants scored a medium level in both language learning strategies and cultural intelligence. Metacognitive and cognitive strategies were the most frequently used, and affective strategies were the least frequently used. No significant differences were found in strategy use when related to English language proficiency, gender, or school background. However, a significant effect was observed between language level and cultural intelligence, specifically on metacognitive, and behavioral subsections. Another positive correlation was reported between strategy use and cultural intelligence, especially with the metacognitive subsections. Pedagogical implications are presented as the study argues for the benefits of direct instruction on cultural awareness and strategy use in language classrooms.
Keywords: Language learning strategies, strategy use, Cultural Intelligence, English language proficiency, Saudi students

Cite as: Abumelha, M. A.  (2023). Strategy Use, Cultural Intelligence, and English Language Proficiency of Undergraduate
Saudi Students.  Arab World English Journal, 14 (2) 30-47.


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Received: 0/14/2023  
Accepted: 06/06/2023 
Published: 06/24/2023

Dr. May A. Abumelha is an Assistant professor in applied linguistics at the Department of
English, College of Language Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. She received her Ph.D. in applied linguistics from the University of Leeds, UK. She is the head of the Linguistics Research Lab LRL. ORCID: