Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 14. Number 2 June 2023                                             Pp.126-137

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 Rhetorical Strategies for Teaching Essay Writing: A Case Study Involving Saudi ESL

  Haytham Bakri
English Language Department,
College of Language Sciences, King Saud University
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Received:02/03/2023         Accepted:05/25/2023                 Published: 06/24/2023


The use of rhetorical strategy in teaching writing has been a topic of discussion in ESL training programs since most teaching methodologies do not give the mother tongue a substantial role. This article presents findings from research on the rhetorical techniques pre-service teachers employ in writing both before and after receiving process-based writing instruction.  The study focused on determining the writing techniques student teachers employ to complete an argumentative essay, and finding out how much pre-service teachers’ usage of writing methods is improved by using a rhetorical process approach to writing. The significance of the present study lies in the fact that it examines the writing abilities of Saudi students with different levels of language abilities and evaluates how rhetorical strategies help them in writing English easefully and with little or no flaws. The fundamental question to be probed through this study is to what extent rhetorical strategies can help teach successful writing to Saudi ESL learners. The data was obtained via the performance of an essay task utilizing two think-aloud protocols and based on a sample of 98 student teachers from Saudi Arabia. The findings of this study show rhetorical strategies such as generating ideas and rewriting are very essential in writing final essays by students. It is clear from the results that after students have mastered the choosing ideas process, they may include concepts that are relevant to the text. Professors should spend time, particularly teaching this kind of approach to help students become competent method users and writers generally, regardless of their audience. In concluding writing an article, it seemed like the strategy of translating from the native tongue to a foreign language was being utilized.
Keywords: rhetorical strategies, Saudi ESL students, teaching essay writing, think-aloud protocol, writing strategies

Cite as:   Bakri, H.  (2023). Rhetorical Strategies for Teaching Essay Writing: A Case Study Involving Saudi ESL Students Arab World English Journal, 14 (2) 126-137.


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Received: 02/03/2023
Accepted: 05/25/2023  
Published: 06/24/2023

Haytham Bakri holds a Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics and is a dedicated Faculty Member at the College of Language Sciences, King Saud University. With a fervent enthusiasm for research in language learning, the author’s expertise encompasses an extensive array of topics. Key areas of interest include second language writing, corrective feedback, second language acquisition, and the implementation of efficacious language learning and teaching methodologies.