Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges January 2022               Pp.290-301

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Recent Trends of Blended Learning and Flipped Classroom in Malaysia 

Choy Soon Tan
Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia 

Norhayati Zakuan
Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Corresponding author:

 Mohd Ismail Abd Aziz
Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia


Received: 11/8/2021               Accepted: 1/12/2022              Published: 1/24/2022


The classroom is where the student and teacher interact, while traditional education uses a Face-to-Face classroom.  The unprecedented COVID-19 forced education to shift into an online classroom.  Still, numerous researches demonstrate that the pedagogical quality in online classrooms is thus compromised as the educators tend to convert existing face-to-face curriculum that less prioritize intellectual interaction into online ways.  Blended learning is not a new yet effective teaching pedagogy, which seems suitable to overcome the challenges as mentioned above as it is a combination of traditional and online modes.  Thus, this article summarizes the current trend of blended learning implementation in the Malaysian setting into valuable insight for the practitioner to redesign their pedagogy to meet new norms.  This paper assessed and analyzed a total of 22 recent publications that extracted from the Web of Science Database based on three themes that are participant, instrument, and disciplinary.  All researches address higher education context, mainly the students’ perspectives and neglecting other stakeholders’ perspectives.  Blended learning is proven practical in multidisciplinary but independent curriculum, and pedagogy redevelopment is mandated.  The quantitative methodology is preferable by the researcher in the identification of critical governing factors.  Overall, the context of blended learning development in Malaysia remains progressively developing by time.  In conclusion, the practice of blended learning implementation is getting diffused in Malaysia due to its flexibility and versatility.  However, such effective pedagogy lay on collaborative efforts between various stakeholders, including educators, students, institutional management, policymakers, and parent.
Keywords: blended learning, COVID-19, education, flipped classroom, pedagogical quality

Cite as: Tan, C. S., Zakuan, N., & Abd Aziz, M. I.   (2022). Recent Trends of Blended Learning and Flipped Classroom in Malaysia .  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) 2nd Special Issue on Covid 19 Challenges (2) 290-301.


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Received: 11/8/2021
Accepted: 1/12/2022 
Published: 1/24/2022

Dr Choy Soon Tan received the degree in civil engineering and the Ph.D. Degree in civil engineering from the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. He joined UCSI University as an Assistant Professor after he obtained the Ph.D. degree. Later, he has also been worked as a Senior Project Manager in a Fortune 500 property developer. Currently, he is an MBA student of Azman Hashim International Business School. ORCID:

Associate Professor Dr Norhayati Zakuan received the degree in mechanical engineering from the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, the M.Sc. Degree in engineering and manufacturing management from Coventry University, and the Ph.D. Degree in mechanical engineering (quality) from the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. She has more than 15 year’s industrial experience before joining UTM and currently an Associate professor with the Azman Hashim International Business School. ORCID:

Professor Dr. Mohd Ismail Abd Aziz is currently an Adjunct Professor of Azman Hashim International Business School, UTM. He received the degree in applied mathematics from the University of New South Wales, the M.Sc. Degree in mathematics from the Loughborough University, and the Ph.D. Degree in control engineering from the City University London. He published over 40 publications in international and national journal. ORCID: