Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number1 March 2020                                           Pp. 315-330

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 Quantitative Analysis of the Foreign Language Anxiety: Chinese and Pakistani
Postgraduates in Focus

Sameena Malik
Department of English & Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences
College of Foreign Languages, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Wuhan, P.R. China
(Corresponding Author)

Huang Qin
Department of English & Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences
College of Foreign Languages, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Wuhan, P.R. China

    Said Muhammad khan
       Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences
YELI, Yanbu University College, Yanbu, Saudi Arabia 

Khalid Ahmed
Department of English Language & Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan



The current research study aims at inspecting various levels of apprehension and anxiety faced by university postgraduates in Pakistan and China when learning a foreign language (FL). The target population of this research was the university postgraduates from a Chinese university in Wuhan, and a public sector university in Lahore, Pakistan. The sample of this study was 206 postgraduates, out of which 106 (male =28, female= 78) from a Chinese university and 100 (male=53, female= 47) from a Pakistani university in Lahore. The sample was selected randomly and aged (21-30), and all participants belonged to the postgraduate level. Horwitz’s foreign language classroom anxiety scale (known as FLCAS) was used as a survey model, a theoretical framework for collecting data from both universities. The Statistical Package of a Social Sciences (SPSS version23) was used to get quantitative results. Descriptive statistics were used to investigate the anxiety level. Mean score and standard deviation were computed of both groups, besides it, the independent samples t-test was run to compare the mean score of both groups and infer if there existed any difference in the target language anxiety level. The results revealed that Chinese postgraduates face more anxiety than Pakistani postgraduates, and there existed significant differences in foreign language anxiety levels of both groups. Based on the results, it can be implicated that combined efforts of mentors and students can pave the way in tackling anxiety among university postgraduates.
Keywordsanxiety, apprehension, anxiety levels, foreign language, university postgraduates

Cite as:  Malik, S., Qin, H.,  khan, S. M., & Ahmed, K.  (2020). Quantitative Analysis of the Foreign Language Anxiety: Chinese and Pakistani Postgraduates in Focus. Arab World English Journal, 11 (1) 315-330.


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Sameena Malik is a Ph.D. researcher in the Department of Foreign Languages at Huazhong
University of Science & Technology, China. Her areas of interest include second language
acquisition, Psycholinguistics, and intercultural communication. She has been serving as an

English Lecturer in LLU, University Lahore, Pakistan. ORCiD:

Huang Qin is a Dean of the English Department, MIT center, and Ph.D. Professor in the
Department of Foreign Languages at Huazhong University of Science & Technology, China. Her
research interests include Translation Studies. She has published several papers in SSCI and
international linguistics journals as a first author.

Said Muhammad Khan is an English Lecturer at YELI, Yanbu University College, Yanbu,
Saudi Arabia. His research interests include second language acquisition, foreign language
anxiety and applied linguistics.

Khalid Ahmed is an Assistant Professor at the University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
He holds a Ph.D. degree in Applied Linguistics and Corpus Linguistics. He has published several
papers in well-renowned journals as a first and second author