Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 9. July 2023                     Pp. 249-261

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 PowerAR: A Tool for Improving ESL Year Six Pupils’ Reading Comprehension 

Nur Ainil Sulaiman
Centre of Innovative Studies in Learning & Teaching, Faculty of Education,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Nor Azwahanum Nor Shaid
Centre of Education & Diversity, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
Selangor, Malaysia
Corresponding email:

Jane Anthony Pragasam
Centre of Innovative Studies in Learning & Teaching, Faculty of Education,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia



Received:  04/12/2023                        Accepted: 07/11/2023                         Published: 07/24/2023

There is a growing concern about the level of reading skills in the English language, specifically among primary school pupils in Malaysia. The integration of technology in language learning had proven to facilitate the reading process and indirectly enhance reading comprehension. This study intends to investigate the integration of technology, specifically, Augmented Reality (AR) combine with PowerPoint (i.e., PowerAR) as a learning tool to improve reading comprehension among primary school pupils. A total of 17 primary Year six pupils participated in this study. An intervention was designed to focus on reading lessons that used PowerAR as a learning tool to facilitate reading comprehension among pupils. According to the data analysis of the pre-test and post-test, the PowerAR intervention has somewhat improved the pupils’ reading comprehension skills. The results also showed that the participants had reaped many technological benefits, but some of them needed more assistance and collaborative learning to be implemented in reading classrooms. Theories that emphasised active learning, constructivism, and self-directed learning were key elements of the PowerAR intervention. Reading comprehension improves when students make sense of the reading material by connecting it to prior knowledge and building connections to it. PowerAR demonstrates the versatility of using technology in the language classroom that amplifies language learning. The findings provide insights to teachers, academics, and other interested parties with information on how to employ technology, particularly augmented reality (AR), to enhance reading comprehension and other language skills.
Keywords: English as a Second Language, PowerAR, reading classroom, reading comprehension, technology

Cite as: Sulaiman, N.A., Shaid, N. A. N., & Pragasam, J. A. (2023).  PowerAR: A Tool for Improving ESL Year Six Pupils’ Reading Comprehension.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (9). 249-261.


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Received: 04/12/2023 
Accepted: 07/11/2023
Published: 07/24/2023 

Nur Ainil Sulaiman, PhD, is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia. Her areas of interest include research on Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) and applied linguistics.

Nor Azwahanum Nor Shaid, PhD, is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia. Her academic interests focus on language education, second language acquisition, and applied linguistics.

Jane Anthony Pragasam, M.Ed., is a primary school teacher and a master’s graduate from the Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia. Her research interests include research on Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL).