Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 13. Number2.  June 2022                                    Pp.462-472

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Political Discourse Analysis: Analyzing Building Tasks in Trump’s Speech
in Saudi Arabia

Aied Alenizi
Department of English
College of Education, Majmaah University
Saudi Arabia 

Atef Odeh AbuSa’aleek
Department of English, College of Education, Majmaah University
Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author:


Received: 2/16/2022                       Accepted: 5/20/2022                  Published:  6/24/2022


This study aimed to investigate how the tasks of significance and identities are built in President Trump’s speech in Saudi Arabia to find how President Trump employs language to perform these two building tasks. President Trump’s speech in Saudi Arabia was analyzed qualitatively according to Gee’s (2011) building tasks model.  It has been found that President Trump enacts and builds the significance task by carefully selecting lexical items, cooperative patterns, lexical choice, and compliments. Furthermore, President Trump enacts particular identities and attributes specific identities to others in his speech, such as political, social, and cooperative identities. The analysis shows that President Trump shifts between the identities such as President of the U.S., a representative of the American People, a fighter and defender of American citizens and the world’s safety and security, a businessman, a well-educated and knowledgeable person. This study recommends that future research investigate other political speeches delivered by President Trump based on any of the seven-building tasks of language that did not cover in this study.
Keywords: political discourse, building tasks, identities, significance,  Trump’s speech

Cite as:  Alenizi, A., &  AbuSa’aleek, A. O. (2022). Political Discourse Analysis: Analyzing Building Tasks in Trump’s Speech in Saudi Arabia. Arab World English Journal, 13 (2) 462-472.


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Received: 2/16/2022
Accepted: 5/20/2022 
Published: 6/24/2022 

Dr. Aied Alenizi is an associate professor of linguistics. Department of English, College of Education, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia. His major research interests include second language acquisition/studies, English language learning, discourse analysis and pragmatics. ORCID:

 Dr. Atef Odeh AbuSa’aleek is an Assistant professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English, College of Education, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia. His research interests are Applied Linguistics, Internet Linguistics, CALL, EFL writing, electronic discourse and electronic feedback.  ORCID: