Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL Number 9. July 2023                     Pp.49-66
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  Pictorial-Based Learning Model for Remote Vocabulary Learning: A Systematic Review

Nurul Hanna Hamsan
Faculty of Languages and Communication (FBK)
Sultan Idris Education University (UPSI), Perak, Malaysia
Corresponding Author:

Mohd Haniff Mohd Tahir
Faculty of Languages and Communication (FBK)
Sultan Idris Education University (UPSI), Perak, Malaysia

Benjamin Loh Hsien Ing
Faculty of Languages and Linguistics (FLL)
University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Received:03/29/2023                             Accepted: 07/04/2023                Published: 07/24/2023


This systematic review was conducted to provide inspiration on the development of a learning model for vocabulary learning via the use of pictorials, as well as the omissions and gaps in the synthesized literature on the topic, especially with regards to the use of such a model for remote learning. The significance of this particular study lies in the affirmation of whether this pictorial-based vocabulary learning model is a viable solution for the necessity of remote learning. There are a total of three research questions, which are (1) What are the benefits of developing a pictorial-based vocabulary model for learning vocabulary? (2) What are the challenges in the integration and application of digital technology for remote learning and learning enhancement? and (3) How effective is using pictorial elements in enhancing students’ learning of vocabulary? Two main databases – ResearchGate and Scopus – were explored for data collection. A total of 16 studies of relevance to the topic of investigation were retained for further analysis out of more than 50 studies after the strict process of removing duplicates and scrutinizing the abstracts for a suitable level of relevance. To account for the derivation of the various themes under this review, the method of a thematic analysis was preferred. The emerging themes being analyzed are: (1) The Development of a Pictorial-Based Learning Model for Vocabulary Learning (2) The Integration and Application of Digital Technology for Remote Learning and Learning Enhancement (3) The Effectiveness of Using Pictorial Elements on Enhancing Students’ Learning of Vocabulary.
Keywords: Digital technology, learning model, pictorial-based, remote learning, systematic review, vocabulary learning

Cite as: Hamsan, N. H., Tahir, M.H. M., & Loh, B.H. I.  (2023).   Pictorial-Based Learning Model for Remote Vocabulary Learning: A Systematic Review.  Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Special Issue on CALL (9) 49-66.


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Received: 03/29/2023  
Accepted: 07/04/2023 
Published: 07/24/2023

Mohd Haniff Mohd Tahir, Ph.D., is a Senior Lecturer and internationally recognized researcher at the Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI), Malaysia. His focus area includes materials development and evaluation, digital learning, and quantitative research related to ESL classrooms. Currently, he is exploring emerging ideas and concepts for vocabulary learning with the integration of technology.

 Nurul Hanna binti Hamsan is currently a postgraduate student of the Faculty of Languages and Communications at Sultan Idris Education University (UPSI). She holds a Bachelor’s Degree of Education (TESL) and is currently continuing her forays into the field of TESL at the postgraduate level in pursuit of a Master’s Degree in Education (TESL).

 Benjamin Loh Hsien Ing is currently a postgraduate student of the Faculty of Languages and Linguistics (FLL) at Malaya University (UM). He holds a Bachelor’s Degree of Education (TESL) and is currently pursuing his postgraduate studies in the field of Linguistics as a Master of Arts (Linguistics). ORCID ID